The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Massachusetts (Propeller), U91416, 1 May 1882

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      The Inter Ocean Company's New Steamship.
South Chicago, May 1. -- The steamship MASSACHUSETTS, of the Inter Ocean Company's Line, recently in port here, brought a cargo of 1,500 tons of iron ore from Escanaba for the North Chicago Rolling Mill Company. This is an entirely new craft, having just been built and launched at Detroit. She left Port Huron on Friday a week ago on her first trip for Escanaba. A splendid chance was afforded her to prove her seaworthiness across the Saginaw Bay. But she sped on unmindful of the blowing winds and the roaring billows. She is a very large and commodious craft. She measures 235 feet keel, and has a beam of 37 feet. She is built of oak and diagonally strapped, with floor timbers only 13 inches apart. The floor is 55 inches from the bottom, thus enabling her to carry the cargo with much greater ease. She has three masts with three spars, schooner rigged, and carries full canvas on all when needed. Her engines are compound, with cylinders 28 and 48 by 40 stroke, built by the Detroit Dry Dock Works, at Detroit. The boilers are on the deck, two in number, each 9 x 16 feet, of 7/16th steel, built by Desotell & Hutton, of Detroit, and allowed 104 pounds of steam, covered with Beache's Patent Cover. The Officers cabin is built forward, on deck; the one for the crew is amidships, on deck also. All the apartments, except those occupied by the firemen and the deck-hands, are carpeted with first class Brusells. The wash-stands in wash-room and the Captain's apartment have marble tops, and a bureau, with mantle-pier mirror, is also in the latter. Besides the state-rooms and dining-room, there is a large and commodious sitting-room, in which is a marble-top bureau with a large mantle-pier mirror, a lounge, two arm chairs, and a patent rocker. There is also a chart room, which the captain sleeps in when at sea. Not a stove except the one used for cooking is to be found. Every apartment is heated with steam. The furniture is mostly all made of walnut. Besides the regular sleeping rooms allowed to officers and crew, there are a few spare ones for friends and patrons.
      The craft is sharply built fore and aft, and she is Achilles like, in speed. In short, both exterior and interior are furnished and constructed with a view both to elegance and usefulness. She averaged a speed of eleven miles per hour during her trip, and was not strained to the utmost of her capacity.
      The crew, including officers, consists of eighteen men. Captain William Spencer, who commanded the MINNESOTA the last two seasons, is in charge, Thomas Foster is first mate, Patrick O'Neill, second mate; Michael Conley, chief engineer, and S.B. White, second engineer.
      The J.W. Hall Great Lakes marine Scrapbook, May, 1882

Steam screw MASSACHUSETTS. U. S. No. 91416. Of 1415.45 gross tons; 104.47 tons net. Built Detroit, Mich., 1882. Home port, Milwaukee, Wis. 235.0 x 37.0 x 18.0. Of 900 indicated horse-power.
      Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1885

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maiden trip
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Massachusetts (Propeller), U91416, 1 May 1882