The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Detroit Free Press (Detroit, MI), 3 Dec, 1895

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A Surveyor Sees a Few Interesting Things to Tell About That Lake

The lake survey party at work on Lake Superior in charge of Engineer Thomas Russell have returned to the Soo. Mr. Russell's party was in the field from May 6, and occupied the stations at Crisp, Haviland, East Bass, Middle Bass, Batchewanna, Whitefish Point and Robbins. In the early part of the season work was interfered with a great deal by fog, which hung over the lake, and in the latter part by high winds and unsteadiness of the air. The periods best adapted for work are the times of the changes of the wind from northeast to southeast and the reverse. When the wind blows for awhile from the northwest, the air becomes unsteady, and from the southeast, after a time it becomes hazy. Latterly these changes have occurred in the night when nothing could be seen. From station Crisp, sixteen miles west of Whitefish Point, successful sightings were obtained to Gargantua, across the lake sixty-two miles; to Caribou Island light, fifty miles, and Iroquois Point light, forty miles.

While at Batchewanna Island, Mr. Russell, with Messrs. John and William Clarke, of Whitefish Point, visited the scene of the recent earthquake. Mr.Russell describes the scene as a very interesting one, an area of turmoil covering at least ten acres, with trees thrown down and great masses of clay ten feet on a side brought to the surface. It seems as if part of the disturbance might have been a landslide. There was a stratum of clay at a depth of ten feet on the undisturbed part of the shore, which, when wet, is as slippery as oil, and may have been the cause of the mass above it moving off into the water. John Clarke was inclined to believe it was the result of a veritable earthquake, due to forces deep inside the earth, basing his opinion on the lifting of the shoreline as shown by the water-scrubbed cedars ten feet above the water. The Batchewanna disturbance is worthy of the attention of the expert geologists.

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3 Dec, 1895
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Dave Swayze
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Detroit Free Press (Detroit, MI), 3 Dec, 1895