The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Oswego Advertiser & Times (Oswego, NY), Monday, Sept. 12, 1870

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T. Kingsford & Son's Foundry And Machine Shop. - On Saturday last we had the pleasure of looking around the immense foundry and machine shop, attached to the Starch Factory, in this city, and found that they are doing a larger business than most of our citizens are aware of, the first place we entered was the officer.

There we found the gentlemanly Superintendent of the machine shop and foundry, Mr. R.G. Cushing, busy drawing plans for new machinery. Everything that is moulded or worked in these large works, is first drafted by him. he showed us the draft of a large pump that they are building for the use of the Starch Factory, which we shall describe soon. After showing us around the neat and convenient office, we passed out on the street in front of the foundry, here we found pig iron piled all around. Mr. Cushing told us that they had 400 tons on hand, and that they were receiving more every day.

From the street we passed into the engine room. Here we found a small engine of forty horse power, working as noiselessly as a clock, yet doing the work of that immense shop. It seemed wonderful that so small a piece of machinery could drive so much work.

After examining the engine we passed into the blacksmith shop. Here we found a large number of men to work at different things, pertaining to their grade. The shop looked as clean and tidy as a blacksmith shop can, each man has his own work to perform, and so there is not that confusion which is generally found in large blacksmith shops.

Next we came to the foundry. here we found 20 or 25 men to work cleaning up castings, &c. We also found out that this establishment are making car wheels. This is a branch of work never before done in this city, we we cannot tell, but Mr. Kingsford has orders for over 500 wheels ahead, and orders are coming in every day by more wheels. The railroad companies that are using these wheels pronounce them superior to any that they ever had. This foundry turns out about four tons of castings per day; they are cast car wheels one day, and machinery another, they cast ten car wheels at one heat. The fire that is used to melt the immense quantity of iron, is fanned by an immense Sterdevant blower, put in by Mr. Cushing; they are now casting twenty-four immense window frames for the new addition to the Starch Factory, the frames are three feet six inches wide and about three inches thick, the cap to these frames are simply wonderful; they weight about three tons each.

Passing out of the foundry, we enter the machine shop. Here we found large plainers and lathes at work, here we also saw the mammoth pump spoken of, this pump will, when done, be capable of pumping 2,000 gallons of water per minute; this is to supply the factory with water. here we find the largest plainer in this part of the State, its weight is about 6 tons, besides that there are immense tables for boring castings, on one of these tables they can turn a piece of casting 11 feet in diameter.

Passing down a flight of stairs we come into the basement. Here all of the patterns that are not in use are kept, the temperature of this room is the same summer and winter, and is the same as the temperature of the foundry. This is to keep the patterns from shrinking or swelling. Here in the basement we also find the oil room, the scrap room, etc.

Next we pass up stair into the pattern shop where we find the best workmen that can be found, making patters for all kinds of machinery and castings; here we find a facsimile of every piece that is cast in the foundry, here also we find that order and convenience that is characteristic of the entire works; this branch under the foremanship of Mr. Milliken, one of the best workers in this city.

One thing is remarkable about this immense establishment of T. Kingsford & Son, and that is the order and system that prevails in every branch of their manufactory, every man knows his place and keeps it, there is a place for everything and everything is in its place. We regret that were not able to visit the box factory, starch factory and the extensive addition that Messrs. Kingsfords are making to their factory, but hope to make an extended visit at some future time.

Kingsford & Son seem to have a peculiar fortune in securing the best workmen; in the person of Mr. Cushing they have a gentleman, that is practically acquainted with every part of the foundry and machine shop, who is an accomplished draftsman and a perfect gentleman, and whatever he has under his supervision is sure of success.

The citizens of Oswego are under great obligations to T. Kingsford & Son, for the enterprise that is building up in no small degree the city of Oswego.

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Monday, Sept. 12, 1870
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Richard Palmer
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Oswego Advertiser & Times (Oswego, NY), Monday, Sept. 12, 1870