MOUTH OF SALMON RIVER - AND PULASKI
Extracts from the report of the superintendent relative to the improvement of the harbor at the mouth of Salmon River, accompanying the report of the Secretary of War.
"The importance of this point as a harbor to the maritime people of Lake Ontario, is indisputable. Mexico Bay, into which the Salmon River empties, is a broad, open bay, with a shore of upwards of forty miles in length, with not a single harbor for vessels of a greater draught than 5 1-2 feet. It not infrequently happens that vessels found off this by in north-west west, or south-west gales, are driven within it, and , from want of a harbor, are lost.
"The mouth of Salmon River is the only point within this bay which presents facilities for the construction of a harbor suited to the wants of the increasing commerce on Lake Ontario. Even here, after crossing the bar, vessels are compelled to proceed parallel with the shore and bar, through a narrow channel, for nearly four hundred yards, before they arrive at a place of security; and from the violence with which the sea beaks over the bar, and almost entirely across the channel, it not infrequently happens that they lose their steerage way and are driven on shore.
"The proposed plan of the piers will obviate this difficulty completely. The southwest pie alone will prove a considerable protection, especially from southwest gales. Running along the bar parallel, with the channel, it will afford protection the instant the vessel is under its lee. Even the small portion now built (as was seen in the gale of the 21st ultimo.) will be of great advantage. There was still water about three hundred feet farther out than had ever been known before. A vessel arriving within this space would have been safe.
"That a work of this kind will greatly benefit the surrounding country, is evident. No section of country, however rich its soil, however industrious its inhabitants, but must derive great benefit from having a port thrown open to it, through which to transport its produce to market. The harbor at the mouth of Salmon River will open a channel through which will flow its products of a country as rich in soil and enterprise as any in the northern part of New-York.
"On the Salmon River, about four miles from its mouth, is situated the flourishing village of Pulaski, with a population of about eight hundred. The water power, though but little used, is considerable; the river having a fall of about sixty feet within the corporate limits of the village. Here are seven stores, two grist mills, two tanneries, a woolen factory and a sawmill; a paper-mill is about to go into operation."