The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Marion (Propeller), collision, 7 Sep 1889

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The steambarges PHILIP D. AMOUR and MARION were in collision Saturday night at Southeast Bend. The ARMOUR is sunk and the MARION heavily damaged. It will take months to remove the wreck of the ARMOUR as she is in the deepest part of the river.
      Port Huron Daily Times
      Monday, September 9, 1889

      . . . . .

      The PHILIP D. ARMOUR, which spent a year in 70 feet of water in St. Clair River, as the result to a collision, now lies at the wharf of the Detroit dry dock company in Detroit, looking as slick and neat as a brand new pin. The repairs will cost $30,000. The cost of raising her was $50,000, and it is stated that, even with these enormous expenses, at least $50,000 has been saved by raising her.
      Saginaw Courier-Herald
      Friday, October 31, 1890

      . . . . .

      Stop on Cross Signals.
The decision of judge Jenkins of Milwaukee in the famous ARMOUR-MARION collision case is further proof of the determination of the United States judges to enforce the rule that steamboat masters must check their boats and if necessary stop and back them in case of cross signals. His ruling that the ARMOUR, which was sunk, should bear half of the damages, was based entirely on the conclusion that the captain of the ARMOUR was in fault in not doing something to reverse his engine in the face of cross signals. The collision occurred in September, 1889. The ARMOUR was bound down and the Marion bound up, and the boats met at south-east bend in the St. Clair river. The ARMOUR was struck on her starboard bow and, after swinging around, sunk in 72 feet of water. The judge gave it as his opinion that the ARMOUR was running at ten mile an hour, to which was added two miles for the current, while the Marion was running at eight miles an hour. The main theory of the MARION that the ARMOUR put her helm hard to starboard just before the collision, the judge finds to be not according to the facts, and he decides that it was hard-to-port. He states that he finds it difficult to understand under the given facts how the collision could have occurred, but he concludes that the collision occurred on the American side, but that the ARMOUR was farther out in the channel than was claimed for her. He holds that the MARION, having mistaken the blasts of the steamer MT. CLEMENS for those of the ARMOUR, was moving under a starboard helm, intending to pass the ARMOUR to starboard. When half a mile apart the vessels understood each other's signals, he thinks, and the MARION ported intending to pass port to port. The ARMOUR was standing out into the stream, and the MARION coming up struck her on the starboard bow. He thinks the ARMOUR intended to follow the rule to pass port to port. The MARION had undertaken to go contrary to the rule, under the mistaken impression that the signal of the MT. CLEMENS came from the ARMOUR.
      Marine Review
      July 30, 1891

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Reason: collision
Lives: nil
Remarks: Repaired
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Marion (Propeller), collision, 7 Sep 1889