The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Detroit Post and Tribune (Detroit, MI), May 5, 1883

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A circular of importance to mariners, bearing upon the subject of small-pox and the mode of preventing the disease, has been issued from the treasury department and reads as follows:

1. The boards of health of several cities along the western rivers have complained to this office that their citizens were infected with small-pox by reason of seamen taken from steamboats. The records of this office show that 143 cases of small-pox were taken from 95 vessels during the last season.

2. In order to prevent steamboats from becoming carriers of infection it is respectfully requested that you cause your crew to be examined by a medical officer of the marine hospital service with reference to the necessity for vaccination. Such officer is authorized to perform this service for vessels subject to the payment of hospital dues, without expense to the vessel under paragraphs 63 and 64 of the regulations: and they have subsequently been ordered to vaccinate crews from vessels without expense, upon application.

3. It is also requested that infected bedding be burnt in the furnace instead of thrown in the river, and that where bunks are furnished they be fumigated with the fumes of burning sulphur once each month, whether there be sickness on board or not, and invariably fumigated when a sick man is removed from the vessel.

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May 5, 1883
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Dave Swayze
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Detroit Post and Tribune (Detroit, MI), May 5, 1883