The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chippewa (Schooner), aground, 1 Nov 1775

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" Mr. Grant was given permission to build a small fleet of schooners and sloops to be employed in transporting merchandise over the lakes. Two of these were built at The River Rouge and named the HOPE and FAITH, while the third, and largest, built near Fort Niagara, for the navigation of lake Ontario, was named CHARITY. A small sloop, named the ANGELICA, was also built at the River Rouge and, with the sloop CHIPPEWA, was owned by Grant, who, at the same time, had been entrusted by General Gage "with the direction of all the vessels upon the several lakes."
      Memorials of Fort Erie and Early Navigation of Lake Erie
      by Colonel Cruckshank p13.
      Alexander Grant was summoned to a consultation with the Governor and on the 12 th. June, 1775, he prepared a statement at Montreal, in which he said that the GENERAL GAGE, of 120 tons and sixteen guns was employed in navigating lake Erie, while the EARL OF DUNMORE of 90 tons and 12 guns was usually engaged in the navigation of Lake Huron. These were the only serviceable ships belonging to the King on the Upper Lakes. The merchant ships were the schooner HOPE, of 60 tons and six small guns, and the schooner FAITH of 30 tons, and the sloops ANGELICA of 60 tons and CHIPPEWA of 50 tons. Two other sloops, of 30 tons were still on the stocks".
      Memorials of Fort Erie and Early Navigation of Lake Erie
      by Colonel Cruckshank p16.
"Late in November, 1775, the schooner CHIPPEWA was driven ashore by a fierce gale near Long Point and became a total wreck. In December Captain Thomas Robinson of the GENERAL GAGE, wrote from Fort Niagara to Richard Cornwall, her master.
" I am sorry to hear by William Thorn [this day] that your vessel is stranded, at the same time it's a great consolation there is no lives lost. Colonel Caldwell my Commanding Officer has ordered me to send off Thorn with four good men and provisions sufficient you and your people to Fort Erie. It is likewise his positive orders you quit the wreck as soon as possible with your men, and to bring with you all you can of the most valuable things, to destroy all that remains that it may not fall into the enemys hands.
      Memorials of Fort Erie and Early Navigation of Lake Erie
      by Colonel Cruckshank p18.
      "Late in November 1775 the CHIPPEWA was wreckled on the southern coast of Lake Erie. Lieut. Col. Caldwell judged it expedient to have her cargo destroyed, Mr. Adhemar St. Martin was the principal sufferer on this occasion, his loss upward of four hundred pounds.
      The Haldiman Papers p. 467
      Wisconsin Historical Collections

Media Type:
Item Type:
Reason: aground
Lives: nil
Remarks: Total loss
Date of Original:
Local identifier:
Language of Item:
Geographic Coverage:
  • Ontario, Canada
    Latitude: 42.555833 Longitude: -80.197222
William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Chippewa (Schooner), aground, 1 Nov 1775