The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Detroit Post and Tribune (Detroit, MI), June 18, 1884

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"I believe there is a subterranean river running from Lake Superior to lake Huron, under Lake Erie, and emptying into Lake Ontario," said an old lake navigator. "There is no other way in which to explain certain mysteries connected with our great lakes. There is a continuous fall from Lake Superior to Lake Ontario, and all the outlet that the upper lakes have that is known is the comparatively insignificant Detroit river. That stream never can care for all of the great pressure and volume from above, and the theory of an underground river such as I mention seems to be the most reasonable. All the St. Lawrence fishes are taken in every one of the lakes but Lake Erie. Why? Because they follow the course of the subterranean stream, passing 100 feet beneath the bottom of Lake Erie, and enter the waters of the upper lakes. The great lakes above lake Erie have an occasional flux and reflux of their waters, corresponding with the ocean tides save in regularity. The subterranean river, according to my theory, becomes occasionally obstructed by great obstacles that are constantly moving down from the lake bottoms. Then the channels or outlets are insufficient to carry off the great volume of water, and they are dammed back, and the lakes rise. Finally the obstructions are swept away by the irresistible pressure, the river flows naturally once more, and the dammed waters subside. That is the whole mystery of the rise and fall of the tides in the great lakes." - [Chicago Tribune.

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June 18, 1884
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Dave Swayze
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Detroit Post and Tribune (Detroit, MI), June 18, 1884