The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily British Whig (Kingston, ON), 13 May 1861

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p.2 Upper Ottawa Navigation in 1861 - mentions the Union Forwarding Co's boats Ann Sisson, Emerald, Oregon, Snow Bird and Pontiac.

-First Arrival From Chicago - sch. Wm. F. Allen, Capt. Boyle.

-The Shipping Interest - about 40 vessels have loaded. [Ham. Spectator]

-steamer George Moffat being raised.

-barque Niagara taken to Port Colborne by tug Relief. [Buffalo paper]

-An Unknown Vessel Lost - vessel seen upside down bearing W.S.W. from head of Big Bear. [Detroit Tribune]

-barque Geo. Laidlaw to come back to Lakes. [Globe]

-A Quick Run - sch. Condor to Oswego and back in 7 days. [Sandusky Register]

-shipping business of Port Stanley is active. [St. Catherines Journal]

-The Schooner Bemis - being raised; a vessel on either side of her, on which arches have been erected and chains arranged under her, then to be screwed up. [ibid]

-a fleet of schooners arrives to load; gives freight rates. [Tor. Leader 7th]

-$60,000 appropriated for deepening Welland Canal.

-Sinking of a Schooner - sch. Haldy (sic) ran on Spectacles Reef, Lake Huron and sunk; total loss.

-bark Quebec still aground at Fighting Island.

-Schooner Sunbury - hits Pier and is damaged. [Buffalo Express]

-Imports - 9,10.

-Heavy Gale on Lake Erie - sch. Freeman struck at entrance to Niagara River, a total loss, 5 men lost.

p.3 ad for steamer Bytown, Kain master, for Ottawa.


Customs Department

Quebec, 12th April, 1861.

His Excellency the Governor General, in Council, has been this day pleased to approve of the following Regulations, governing the Trade with the Free Port of Gaspe, and the carrying of Goods Coastwise by inland Navigation.

By Command,

R.S.M. Bouchette,

Commissioner of Customs.


1. Vessels and Boats employed in the transport of goods or passengers from one port or other to another port or place, within the limits of the province, other than the Free Ports of Gaspe and Sault Ste. Marie and the Districts respectively attached therein, which are treated as Foreign Ports and Districts, should be deemed to be engaged in the Coasting Trade and be subject to the Regulations governing the same.

2. None but vessels and boats wholly owned by British subjects can lawfully be engaged in the coasting trade of the Province.

3. All vessels and boats, so engaged, whatever be their tonnage, must be registered at the port nearest to which they belong or at the Port of the place to which they belong either under the Provincial Act, (Chap. 41, Consolidated Statutes of Canada) or the imperial "Merchant Shipping Act, 1854," and the name of such vessel or boat and the name of such place, shall be distinctly painted on the stern or the bows of the said vessel or boat.

4. Such Vessels and Boats may, without being subject to Entry and Clearance, carry Goods, the produce of this Province, (excepting Spirits or Distilled Waters) from and to any port of this Province, with the exception of those parts of the said Province comprised within the boundaries of the Free Ports and Districts aforesaid; provided, always, that the owners or masters of such vessels or boats shall take out a License, for the season, for that purpose, from the Collector of Customs at the nearest Port of Entry to which such Vessels or Boats may respectively belong, and said License shall enter into Bonds of $500, conditioned, that such Vessels or Boats shall Trade with the said Free Ports and Districts aforesaid, or in the transport of other than the above described Goods.

5. All vessels or boats, of not less than 15 tons burthen, coasting as aforesaid under license, may likewise, without entry and clearance, carry all other goods, the customs duty on which has been paid, provided the master of every such vessel or boat shall keep or cause to kept a cargo book, in the form prescribed by the Customs Department, to be registered by the Collector of Customs at the port to which the vessel belongs, in which book shall be entered, at the port of landing, an account of all goods taken on board of such vessel or boat, stating the description of the packages, the quantities, descriptions and values of the goods therein, as also of the goods stowed loose and the names of the respective shippers and consignees as far as any of such particulars shall be known to him; and, at the port of discharge, shall be entered in the said cargo book, the respective days upon which any such goods shall be delivered out of such vessel, and also the respective time of departure from the port of lading, and on arrival at the port of lading, and on arrival at the port of unlading.

6. The master of any such vessel shall produce his cargo book to any Officer of Customs whenever the same shall be demanded, and answer all questions put to him; and such Officer of Customs shall be at liberty to note any remark therein which he may deem proper, and if the cargo book shall not be kept in the manner hereby required, and the particulars of all cargo, laden and unladen, duly noted therein, the goods and vessel shall be forfeited and the master shall incur the penalty of $100.

7. Vessels and boats employed in the coasting trade, and that shall not have taken out a license for carrying goods, the produce of the Province, or a license and cargo book for the carrying of goods of all other descriptions as hereinbefore provided, shall report inwards and outwards at the nearest port to their place of arrival or destination, and require clearances whenever they depart from any port or place within the Province, and in default of their so reporting the vessel and cargo, the master shall in such cases be subject to the penalty of $100 for departing and arriving without due entry, inwards and outwards, as the case may be; provided that when a vessel shall sail from any place where there is no Custom House or Officer of Customs, it shall be sufficient, for the carrying out of this regulation that the owner or master of said vessel do, as soon afterwards as possible, forward to the nearest Custom House a similar report in duplicate, or lodge same at the first port at which he shall touch where there is a Custom House Officer.

8. Goods under a removal Bond from one Canadian port to another Canadian port, other than the Free Ports of Gaspe or Sault Ste. Marie, may be carried in any registered vessel, upon said vessel specially reporting such goods outwards in duplicate for the port to which the goods may be destined, and taking a special clearance for the same, the Collector at the Port from which such goods are removed being required to forward, by mail copies of such clearance, and certificate of bond, together with all particulars and description of the goods so forwarded, and the packages shall be properly marked in red, as now provided.

9. No coasting vessel to touch at any foreign port unless forced by unavoidable circumstances, and the master of any coasting vessel which has touched at any foreign port, shall declare the same in writing, under his own hand, to the Collector or other proper Officer of Customs at the Port or place in Canada where his vessel afterwards first arrives, under a penalty of $100.

10. If any goods are unshipped from any ship arriving coastwise, or unshipped or water-borne to be shipped, to be carried coastwise on Sundays or Holidays, or unless in the presence or with the authority of the proper Officer of Customs, or unless at such times and places as shall be appointed and approved by him for that purpose, the same shall be forfeited, and the Master of the ship shall forfeit the sum of $100.

11. Officers of Customs may board any coasting ship in any Port or place, and at any period of the voyage, search her, and examine all goods on board, and demand all the documents which ought to be on board; and the Collector may require such documents to be brought to him for inspection.

12. No fishing boat, or other boat, or boats used in ferrying, under fifteen tons burthen, shall except by special license or permission, carry any goods from a foreign country, or the Free Ports of Gaspe, or Sault Ste. Marie, which are liable to duty, under pain of seizure, unless the same (in the case of ferry boats) be for the sole use of some passengers then on board.

13. No goods can be carried in any coasting vessel, except such as are laden to be so carried at some Port or place in Canada, other than the Free Ports of Gaspe and Sault Ste. Marie, and no goods shall be taken into or put out of any coasting vessel while on her voyage by river or lake.

14. Sections 6,4 and 5 of the regulations of the 30th March, 1850, relative to the inland navigation of this province, and the carrying of goods coastwise, are hereby revoked.

The foregoing regulations approved by His Excellency the Governor General in Council, 12th of April, 1861.

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13 May 1861
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  • Ontario, Canada
    Latitude: 44.22976 Longitude: -76.48098
Rick Neilson
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pd [more details]
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily British Whig (Kingston, ON), 13 May 1861