The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), 24 Apr 1877

Full Text



What She is Built of and What She Looks Like

Calvin & Breck's new ocean ship, to be named the Garden Island, will be launched the first week in May. She is a fine vessel, built under the survey of Bureau Veritas, Quebec, French Lloyds, from a model designed by Mr. Henry Rooney, Messrs. Calvin & Breck's shipwright and foreman. Her length on the main deck is 178 feet. Breadth of beam 35 feet 3 inches. Depth of hold 22 feet. Size of floor timbers sided and moulded, 14 inches. First and second futtocks, sided and moulded, 13 1/2 inches. Top timber at the head, 9 by 10 inches. Planking, 5 1/2 inches thick and six inch nails. All of the above is done with selected Ohio oak. Her treenails are of locust imported for the purpose in the rough, and manufactured here, a machine for the making of them having been purchased in St. Johns, N.B., and which is of itself a curiosity. The work done by it is as smooth as if sandpapered. All the butts in the ship are fastened with Muntz patent yellow metal, in fact all of the bolting below the load line is done with this same metal, the cost of which is 18 cents per pound. All her centre line - that is her keelson and its rider - are each 20 inches square; her keel is of elm, the fastening through and through these three requiring such a quantity of the yellow metal that it must be seen to be appreciated. She has a graceful clipper bow which is beautifully carved. Her stern, which is round, is also nicely carved. The carving was done by Mr. Gourdier, of Weber's piano factory, and is a credit to him. The cabin is nicely finished in fancy moulded and nicely grained oak color. Mr. John Blaine is the painter. In front of the cabin, and supporting its roof, are two knees beautifully carved. The forecastle, steward's and carpenter's rooms, and all berths for the sailors are comfortably fitted up. The ponderous rudder (a patented arrangement) is hung with five immense brass straps, cast in the Kingston Foundry by Messrs. Davidson & Doran. Iron would not answer for this purpose on account of the injurious action of salt water. The lower hold beams are of Ohio oak, sided and moulded 14 inches. The main deck beams are also of oak, 12 by 13 inches. There are about sixty tons of iron knees as fastening to these beams to be put in her on her arrival at Montreal, as she would (draw) too much water to navigate the St. Lawrence canals if they were put in here. Her pumps, anchors and chains and these knees are now on way out from Glasgow. The chains are 1 3/4 inch iron. She is to be full barque-rigged, with double topsail yards. The work on her sails, rigging and all the outfit above decks was superintended by Mr. Joseph Dix. It has all the latest improvements. Mr. Dix has been in Messrs. C. & B.'s employ as sail maker and rigger for the past 36 years. Mr. Rooney, the ship-builder, has also been in the same employ for nearly, if not quite, as long as Mr. Dix. The ship's blocks are strapped with galvanized iron, patented, manufactured by the Penfield Block Works, Lockport, N.Y., and are the nicest we have seen for some time. Her sails are made of Rutherford's best flax canvas, imported expressly for the ship from Scotland. She will spread 3,500 yards. Besides this Mr. Dix has made a full suit of spare sails for her. She will have six shrouds on each side of fore and main masts of 4 1/2 inch wire. Her fore topmast backstays are likewise 4 1/2 inch and doubled. Her fore and main stays are also 4 1/2 inch double. Her fore and main topmast stays are the same size wire. Her mizzen mast has four shrouds on each side of 3 3/4 inches wire; mizzen stay, 4 inch wire single. Standing on her bow deck it is so high that it commands a fine view of the city, islands, etc. In order to successfully launch her a new ways had to be built in the water, which was superintended by Mr. Calvin personally - a gang of divers with armor, pumps and apparatus spending nearly a month in sinking and fastening the necessary piers, ways, etc. Captain William Zealand, of Hamilton, will be her commander, and during the summer months she will ply between Quebec and Glasgow, carrying Messrs. Calvin & Breck's own timber, which they manufactured in Ohio and Michigan, freighted from there to Garden Island per their own lake vessels, thence per raft to Quebec. The ship's ports, four in number, for receiving the timber, are 30 by 34 inches each, two on either side of the stem piece, one above the other. The cost of the ship will be in the neighborhood of seventy-five thousand dollars.

Alongside of the ship, on a separate carriage, is a curious kind of craft, seventy-five feet long, twenty feet beam, and is to be called the Raftsman. She is calculated for unloading timber, from lake vessels on their arrival from the west, and will have five engines on board, four of them to drive the capstans for unloading, the fifth one to drive a propeller wheel to move herself from place to place. She will have considerable power, and on a pinch could do a job of work at towing if required. She will be completed about the first of May, and will no doubt prove a good investment. The unloading so far has been done with horses, which we fancy must be very hard on the poor brutes in hot summer weather.

Part of the Spring fleet having arrived the Island has assumed the activity of a bee hive. Numbers of French Canadians can be seen rafting timber and staves preparatory to starting the first raft of the season, which will leave there for Quebec on the 26th inst.

False Report - that Hastings had burnt on Bay of Quinte.

p.3 Marine - N.T. Co.'s prop. Milwaukee passed down to Ogdensburg from Toledo.

- Highland Beauty aground in Belleville harbor, pulled off by tug Bonar.

Media Type:
Item Type:
Date of Publication:
24 Apr 1877
Local identifier:
Language of Item:
Geographic Coverage:
  • Ontario, Canada
    Latitude: 44.22976 Longitude: -76.48098
Rick Neilson
Creative Commons licence:
pd [more details]
Copyright Statement:
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
WWW address
Powered by / Alimenté par VITA Toolkit

My favourites lets you save items you like, tag them and group them into collections for your own personal use. Viewing "My favourites" will open in a new tab. Login here or start a My favourites account.

British Whig (Kingston, ON), 24 Apr 1877