The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), 1 Jul 1897

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July 2, 1897



A fleet of timber-laden craft is discharging at Collins Bay.

The tug Walker, five light barges, Montreal, arrived last evening.

The tug Walker with barges cleared for Oswego last evening to load coal.

The schooner Fabiola is discharging a cargo of coal at Swift's steam hoist, foot of Johnston street.

Steamer Glengarry, with consort Minnedosa, Chicago, 86,000 bushels of corn, arrives in port tomorrow.

The steam yacht Miltonia called at Swift's wharf this morning, on her way from Milton Island to Lake of the Mountains.

Called at Swift's wharf today: steamer Algerian on her way from Toronto to Montreal; steamer Passport from Montreal to Toronto.

Steamer Algonquin, Duluth, 66,000 bushels wheat, arrived last evening. At daylight this morning she cleared for the west to reload.

Incidents of the Day - The schooner John Shoote, Toledo, coal laden, is bound for this port.



Will leave Foot Clarence street for Gananoque and way ports Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday at 4 p.m.


Sunday trips for Garden and Wolfe Islands - 9:30 a.m. and 11 a.m., and 1:15 and 6:30 p.m. Round trip only 10 cents. Saturdays 6:30, 8:30, 11:30 a.m., 2, 4 and 6 p.m. Other days 7, 8:30, 11:30 a.m., 3 and 6 p.m.

Picnic and private parties carried at greatly reduced rates. For further information apply to T.J. CRAIG, Manager.


Daily Service on the Picturesque Bay of Quinte.

Leaves daily at 3 p.m. (Sunday's excepted) for Picton and way ports.

On Tuesdays and Thursdays, going to Brighton, Trenton, Belleville and Deseronto.


Tri-Weekly Kingston and Rochester, N.Y.

(Commencing 20th June.)

Str. North King leaves Sundays at 6:45 p.m.

Str. Hero leaves Tuesdays and Thursdays at 3 p.m., Connecting at Brighton with Str. North King for Charlotte, N.Y. (Port of Rochester).

Sunday - Str. North King leaves at 9 a.m. for Thousand Islands and Alexandria Bay.

Right reserved to change time without notice.

For further information regarding passage and freight, apply to H.H. Gildersleeve, General Manager.

Wind Wafts - Relative to a paragraph that appeared in the press a few nights ago, that on a recent trip from Lachine to Kingston the steamer America beat the time of the R. & O. N. Co.'s steamers about three hours, the agent of the Richelieu line states that their time-table, going west, between Montreal and Toronto, is made to suit the traffic and connections, and is five or six hours slower than if the steamers came straight through without stopping, as the America did. The agent says, further-more, that on the America's recent trip to Montreal the Algerian passed her; on the other hand it is said that the Empire State passed the Spartan yesterday. But this racing should be stopped. It is not in the interest of the public or of the lines.



The Unique Invention Of An Ontario Man.


A curious looking craft is now being constructed in Polson's shipyard, Toronto. It is the invention of F.A. Knapp, of Prescott, Ont., and like many other inventors he has had great difficulty in getting anyone to believe in the utility of his invention. He first conceived his idea about three years ago, and commenced working on the principle that if it was quite easy to turn a saw log in the water, even when it is nearly wholly submerged, it would naturally take but very little power to keep a large and heavy tubular construction moving when once it was set in motion, particularly when, by reason of its air tight compartments, it would practically be resting on the surface of the water. He also thought that if such a construction was once started, it would acquire tremendous speed, assisted by the force of its own momentum. He eventually had a little model made and submitted it to a number of gentlemen who were interested in solving the problem of a quicker ocean passage, but all at first scouted the idea. Nothing daunted, Mr. Knapp continued his experiments, some of which led to improvements, and he finally met in Toronto the naval architect who is now supervising the construction of the vessel.

After many vicissitudes at home and abroad often experienced by inventors, George Goodwin, the Ottawa contractor became interested. The result was that negotiations were entered upon with the Polson firm, and it was finally decided to construct an experimental craft, Mr. Goodwin guaranteeing at least $10,000 of the expense. Since commencing to put the craft together three weeks ago, the builders have also become enthusiastic, and the experiments will not (sic) be carried on no matter how great the expense.

Perhaps the best illustration of the principle involved in this novel vessel would be to think of a squirrel in a revolving cage, the engine of the craft being the squirrel, or to think of a huge paddle wheel without a ship. Imagine the paddle wheel to be 110 feet long by twenty-two in diameter. The stationary paddles on the outside cylinder and in the centre of the vessel will be sixteen in number, and twenty feet in length, and will correspond to the buckets of a paddle wheel. In the centre of this huge paddle wheel imagine a cylinder twelve feet in diameter, braced strongly to the outside cylinder, with a shaft in the centre of this twelve-foot cylinder, and connected with a vessel one would have an ordinary paddle wheel in shape and construction. But in the vessel now under construction in place of the shaft there is a third cylinder, which will be joined to the outside or revolving portion of the vessel by ball bearings.

Inside the third cylinder a platform will be constructed, on either side of which engines of 150 horse power will be placed. By means of friction these engines will cause the outside cylinder to revolve rapidly, while the inside cylinder retains its equilibrium.

It is intended to provide passenger accommodation within the inside, or third cylinder, the outside or revolving cylinder being used as air-tight compartments. The ends of the inner cylinder will be open, and as they will be eight feet above the water no trouble is expected from waves. The actual draught of the cylinder boat will, it is expected, be only about two feet six inches, which will allow it to roll on the top of the water. The steering gear will consist of chains and steel plates, on the lee board principle, which will be placed at each end of the vessel.

The material used is quarter-inch steel, stoutly ribbed. The vessel will be ready for launching in about two weeks, and then it is thought that about six weeks will be required to put the machinery in place, so that the trial trip will not take place before August 1st.

If the thing proves a success then great vessels will be constructed chiefly for the passenger trade, as time would be too valuable to allow of much of it being taken up in loading and unloading freight. Ample ventilation will be furnished by the open ends and by means of diamond-shaped ventilators cut in the outside cylinder in the centre and in other places where they will be found to be needed. These will also be cut on the same principle as the holes in the bottom of a life boat. They will also serve to let out the smoke from the engines. The draught will be obtained by reason of the terrific speed of the vessel.

The accompanying sketch gives a fair representation of the boat, except that a mistake was made by the artist, in making paddles appear as divided in sections. As intended at present there will be sixteen paddles placed amidships, each paddle being twenty feet in length. The diamond shaped ventilators in the centre of the boat are also omitted, but with those exceptions the cuts will give the reader a fair idea of what the vessel will be like when completed.

(article accompanied by drawing entitled "To Roll Across The Ocean.")


Accident To The Columbian.

Late last night as the R. & O. navigation company's steamer Columbian was steaming into Cardinal wharf with a large party of excursionists, one of her propelling wheels struck a rock, and was broken from the shaft. Owing to the intense darkness which prevailed, the exact spot at which the wheel sank could not be located, and the steamer was left with only one wheel to make her way to Kingston. With this force she was unable to stem the swift current of the Galops rapids, so was compelled to remain at Cardinal over night.

This morning the same company's steamer Passport, on her way to Toronto, delayed herself forty minutes in assisting the Columbian up the stream to the head of the rapids. The latter arrived in port about three o'clock.

Snips - The steamer Tecumseh entered the government dry dock this morning to have her wheel repaired. Her machinery will also receive attention while she is docked.

Won The Queen's Cup - Toronto, July 2nd - nine yachts stopped, won by Aggie, second Zelma, Oriole third.

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Date of Publication:
1 Jul 1897
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Geographic Coverage:
  • Ontario, Canada
    Latitude: 44.22976 Longitude: -76.48098
Rick Neilson
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pd [more details]
Copyright Statement:
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), 1 Jul 1897