p.1 The Rickey Measured - Bowman & Rickey's new sailing skiff.
PROPELLER OCEAN IN PORT.
The propeller Ocean passed up last night on her way to Toronto with W.A. Geddes, the owner, on board. Capt. Trowell was confined to his stateroom with a compound fracture of the leg, the result of being struck with a broken chalk while the tugs Reginald and Chieftain were releasing the Ocean at Iroquois. The injuries are more severe than first anticipated and Capt. Trowell will leave his boat for the remainder of the season. Dr. T.M. Fenwick accompanied Capt. Donnelly to the steamer and examined the wounds last evening. Capt. Trowell made a protest before J.P. Gildersleeve. Before the Ocean was pulled off the point about 100 tons of freight had to be removed from her hold which was re-shipped. The steamer is uninjured save a slight damage to the after bulwarks, caused by the breaking of the chalk.
The schooner Acacia left for Oswego today to load coal.
The steamers Junita and Coaster are in Davis' dry dock for repairs.
The tug Active left for Montreal this morning with three grain-laden barges.
The schooners Fleetwing and Fabiola are at Charlotte loading coal for this port.
Foggy mornings are beginning to appear with much inconvenience to mariners.
The schooner Two Brothers sailed for Oswego yesterday to load coal for Booth & Co.
The tug Jessie Hall, with four grain-laden barges cleared for Montreal last evening.
The schooner Eliza White, coal-laden, from Oswego, is discharging at Crawford's wharf.
It is expected that the steamer Island Belle will quit the Ogdensburg-Clayton route after this week.
The sloop Madcap discharged her cargo at Richardson's elevator this morning and cleared for bay ports.
The S.S. Bannockburn and consorts Winnipeg and Dunmore left for Duluth yesterday to load wheat.
The steamer Iron Chief, from Prescott, picked up her consort, Iron Cliff, here today, and proceeded up the lake.
The steamer Corsican, from Toronto, and steamer Bohemian, from Montreal, touched at Swift's wharf today.
Both Richardsons and the M.T. companys elevators were working all last night and made a merry hum around the wharves.
The steamer Aragon, Chicago, and steamer Black Rock, Duluth, are in the Welland canal en route to Kingston with wheat.
The propeller Lake Michigan, from Chicago, lightened 8,000 bushels of wheat at the M.T. company's elevator today, and cleared for Montreal.
Early Monday morning the schooner Winslow, in tow of the steamer Inter-Ocean, from Escanaba to Lake Erie, sprang a leak in a gale in the Straits of Mackinaw, and sank. The crew were saved by the steamer after much difficulty. The schooner was loaded with 1,600 tons of iron ore, shipped by Oglebay, Norton & Co., Cleveland, which was insured for full value. She is owned by Capt. Peter Wex, who sails the Inter-Ocean, and H.W. Watson, Buffalo, and valued at $8,000. She is covered by insurance.
THE FIRST STEAMBOATS.
I was chatting recently with an old settler (G.M. Merkley), who remembered seeing the first steamer pass down the St. Lawrence. He was only a child then, seven years of age, but what fastened the circumstance on his mind was the carrying out his grandmother (who was paralyzed) from the house to the bank of the river to see the boat. She died that fall, sixty-seven years ago, which fixes the date of the passage of the boat. The steamer was a small side-wheeler of about sixty tons burden, named the Dalhousie. She went through to Montreal, shooting all the rapids safely, but he does not recollect ever seeing her afterwards. He does not think she ever passed over the route again, although the Rideau Canal must have been constructed about that time.
The next steamer was the Iroquois, which plied between Prescott and Dickinson's Landing,; a stern wheeler, but having a keel. She was very slow, and took the whole day to make the distance from Mariatown to Prescott. To enable her to surmount the strong current at these rapids, Mr. Merkley's father was employed to fasten a hawser to posts at intervals, till the steamer could get up steam enough for the next stretch.
The next boat, named the Rapid, was built with two hulls, cigar-shaped, with a platform to sustain cabins and machinery. Great things were anticipated from her, but she proved a complete failure. Mr. Merkley thinks she was built in Ogdensburg. Such were the predecessors of the magnificent fleet that now carry travellers in thousands to view the beautiful scenery of the finest river in the world.
A FANCIED MISTAKE
For The Government To Deepen The Canals Below Kingston.
[Edward Farrer in Canadian Magazine]
My own notion is that it was a mistake for the government to deepen the canals below Kingston. True, it had been decided on by the former government; nevertheless, I venture to think it would have been better to spend the money in deepening the Welland to twenty-one feet. The chief engineer of the public works department tells me there was no engineering difficulty in the way. Nothing in the economics of water transportation is much better established than that the modern lake vessel abhors canals. With her costly equipment she cannot afford to incur the delay and danger inseparable from passing through them. Between Kingston and Montreal there are forty-three miles of canals, as against twenty-seven miles on the Welland. I have not been able to find a practical man who believes that when those forty-three miles are deepened to fourteen feet, lake vessels will make use of them to get to Montreal; the vessels, it is universally thought, will as now, tranship at Kingston or Prescott to barges. Had we deepened the Welland to twenty-one feet and left the lower canals as they were, the position would have been this: Vessels could have carried cargo from Fort William or Duluth to Kingston for nearly as low a rate as to Buffalo. The twenty-seven miles of canalling in the Welland, and the difficulty of procuring return cargoes at all times, would, of course, have militated against the route; still, the rate to Kingston would have been materially lower than now. Then, from Kingston to Montreal, 178 miles, we should have had the present barge service of nine feet to compete with a barge service of nine feet - the depth the Erie will have when the projected improvements are finished - from Buffalo to Albany by canal and from Albany to New York by river, a total distance of 500 miles. Under such circumstances the rate from Lake Superior to Montreal would have been sufficiently low to recover for Montreal at least a portion of the Manitoba traffic, and to augment the export via Montreal of grain from Chicago and Duluth.
p.6 Late Afternoon Events - The steamer Caspian has been put on the Toronto-Montreal route to relieve the steamer Bohemian, which will connect with the line boats at Coteau Landing for Montreal.
The steamer D.D. Calvin and consort arrived at Garden Island this afternoon with cargoes of timber.