The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), 26 Mar 1906

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p.8 Not Yet In Possession - Yacht club still doesn't have deed to Cameron property.

March 27, 1906



A Lecture On Practical Seamanship.

The marine lecture in the old Collegiate Institute building, last evening, was almost entirely on practical seamanship, and was well attended by masters, mates and yachtsmen. Capt. Thomas Donnelly commenced by showing how anchors and cable chains are made and tested under British act of parliament, and if they pass the test are then stamped and certificated, so that the purchaser knows just what he is buying. He went carefully over the tables for the outfitting of ships, and gave a short account of the experience met with by Lloyds and other investigating committees in ascertaining the best style and shape of anchor to use, and informed the class that the results after the celebrated Galveston storm proved that the common shaped anchor with a stock was fully twenty-five per cent more efficient than any patent anchor of the same weight, although the latter was coming into almost universal use, owing to its handiness in working.

Capt. Donnelly then instructed the class in the proper care of anchor chains, told them how to remove the iron pegs always found in new chains, replacing these with pegs of wood, so that an anchor chain could be slipped when necessity arose. "Do not forget to make the inboard end of your chain fast," said he, "or you will learn an expensive lesson some day as did the captain of one of our Kingston steamers, who let go his anchor up at Detour, Lake Huron, and lost a splendid anchor and 100 fathoms of best tested chain." He described how necessary it was to have the bight of the shackle forward in connecting the shots if the chain would run clear through the hawser pipe and also how necessary it was to dip the shackle-pins in paint or oil to keep them from rusting.

The lecturer then described how to mark a lead line properly and how to use the lead in taking soundings. He told of an instance in his own experience when he came near stranding his ship by neglect in using the lead, and advised the class to use the lead regularly at all times when navigating in a fog. "I don't believe," said he," that one-tenth of the strandings or wrecks would take place if officers would only learn to use the lead in a fog."

The lecturer described how all openings in a ship's hull should be closed and protected; described the different makes of gangway doors and how each should be fastened so as to keep water from entering the hull and damaging cargo; gave illustrations of properly made doors and the unseaworthy gangways, naming several steamers which had damaged cargoes through defective doors. He showed how cargoes were often damaged through defective or unproperly covered hatches, and said that as surveyor he would not exonerate a ship from blame if it was shown that the cargo had been damaged through the insecure covering on the hatches.

Capt. Donnelly went carefully over the master's duty in taking care of the cargoes entrusted to his charge. "It is your duty," said the lecturer, "to see that every bushel of grain or ton of freight is delivered in good condition, if possible, to the consignee. You must use every endeavor to do this and you will be held responsible if you fail in your duty through neglect. Don't ever try to force damaged cargo on to your consignees. See the grain carefully sorted and keep on board of your ship damaged grain rather than spoil thousands of bushels of good dry cargo, by mixing wet and dry grain in the elevator."

The lecturer then took up the subject of the master's protest, describing a properly worded protest and showing how important it was that the plain, truthful facts should be stated in every protest. The latter should include the date of shipment of cargo, the quantity and the names of the consignors, the date the ship started on the voyage; the date on which disaster or heavy weather was experienced, and each and every precaution taken to navigate the ship in safety, the probable damage to ship and cargo, and the date of arrival at the port of destination. "Don't try to give a hundred reasons," said he, "why you did so much better than the other fellow could possibly have done. Just a plain, concise statement of facts is required and then if cargo or hull is damaged, notify your owners and consignors, who will send skilled men to protect their interests."

Capt. Donnelly spoke for two and one-half hours and promised his hearers to take up practical seamanship and masters' duties at the next lecture.

Boats Loaded with Ice - A new departure will be made in shipping at Picton, with the opening of this season's navigation. Hepburn Bros. have filled two of their fleet, the barges Rob Roy and Isabel Reid with cargoes of ice, several hundred tons, which has been sold to a Pittsburg company, where it is expected there will be a marked shortage this coming season. The boats will take their icy cargo as far as Buffalo. It has not been reported that any of our local mariners have made similar cargoes.

p.5 Incidents of the Day - Capt. R.A. Gaskin, University avenue, left for Cleveland today, to superintend repairs on the S.S. Falcon, which he will command this season.

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26 Mar 1906
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  • Ontario, Canada
    Latitude: 44.22976 Longitude: -76.48098
Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), 26 Mar 1906