p.2 Free Trade - American restrictions on British shipping to be lifted on Jan. 1st next - a circular from U.S. Treasury Dep't to Collectors and other officers of Customs.
Port of Kingston.
Oct. 22nd - Str. Niagara, Lewiston, gen. cargo.
Str. Cataract, Ogdensburgh, passengers and baggage.
Oct. 23rd - Schr. Sophia, Cleveland, 120 tons coal, Robert Gaskin.
Str. Genesee Chief, Oswego, passengers and baggage.
Schr. Ocean, Oshawa, 403 bbls. flour, 3943 bush. wheat, John McPherson & Co.
Schr. Prince of Wales, Whitby, 5500 bush. wheat, Macpherson & Crane.
Schr. George Moffatt, Oswego, gen. cargo.
Schr. Elizabeth, Montreal, 97 1/2 tons Liverpool salt.
The Hon. J. Hamilton, and not D. Bethune, Esq., is the successful contractor for the carrying of the mails on the river as heretofore.
In our last number we noticed the arrival from Cleveland, of the barque Eureka. She cleared on Thursday, at our Custom House, for San Francisco, with the following cargo and 38 passengers:-
37 brls paint, 5 tons grind-stones, 4 cases cigars, 123 wooden doors, 50 cooking stoves, 119 cottage stoves, 70 brls flour and corn meal, 1 ton Bologna sausages, 500 bags salt, 50 m. feet lumber, 10 boxes pickles, 1 engine boiler and fixtures and saw-mill fixtures, 26 tin boilers with covers, 103 elbows, 214 hhds stovepipes, 37 tin ovens.
This is the first American Merchant Vessel that has ever sailed below Montreal; she has been allowed to do so by special authority from England. The Eureka is 375 tons burthen, 137 feet keel, 26 ft. beam, and can carry 4000 bbls. flour. She drew 7 ft. 9 inches water, and had no difficulty in coming from the Upper Lakes, except in the Welland Canal.
The locks in this canal are of two sizes, 45 ft. and 26 1/2 ft. wide. One of the smallest size, No. 24, was found to be only 26 ft. 3 1/2 inches wide, and the sides of the Eureka had to be cut away to enable her to pass through. This seems to be gross negligence on the part of the late Board of Works. It is truly mortifying to have the value of our Canals injured by the construction of locks of 26 1/2 feet in the very key of the whole Western trade, when all the other locks on the St. Lawrence are 45 to 55 feet - for the day is not distant when the demands of commerce will compel their enlargement, at an immense cost to the country which expense common foresight should have saved.
Of what injury would it be to Canada to have 500 or 600 American Vessels passing down to the ocean, and paying us tolls? Should we not have the St. Lawrence free, whether we get Reciprocal Trade or not?