The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), Nov. 30, 1833

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p.2 Navigation of the St. Lawrence - the feasibility and advantages of building a canal on the south side of the river discussed. (half column) [Ogdensburg Republican]

Advancement of the Commerce and Navigation of the Province - surveys have shown that Trent, Bay of Quinte and Long Point canals are feasible; Americans are looking at canal on south side of St. Lawrence around Long Sault rapids; now Americans are looking at joining Atlantic with route from Chesapeake Bay, up Susquehanna River to Seneca Lake and Oswego River to Lake Ontario.

p.3 Light Houses - Our attention having been frequently directed to the necessity of an addition to the number of Light houses erected on the borders of Lake Ontario, we think the present the proper time to offer a few remarks upon the subject. We are informed that the places most requiring these useful guides to mariners, are Nicholson's island, and the shoal between Cobourg and Port Hope. The entrance into Presque Isle Harbour being at all times difficult when the wind blows fresh, and at night nearly impracticable; and Nicholson's Island affording excellent anchorage and protection against most winds if there were a Light House on this island, vessels could in all weathers make it, and either anchor there, or enter Presque Isle Harbour as might be considered most desirable. It has been stated to us, that during the last trip of the William the Fourth steamer, she found it absolutely necessary either to come to anchor under Nicholson's Island, or to return to the Ducks. The weather was so thick at night, that she passed the island, and only ascertained it by the sounding. She was then abreast of the Scotch bonnet - from which a dangerous shoal extends outward several miles. The boat was obliged to put back - there being a heavy swell from the South West at the time - and feel her way to the island, which was discovered by the weather clearing up a little. Mr. Speaker and several members of the Assembly were on board at the time. After making the Island she rode perfectly safe during the gale.

It is well known that several vessels have been aground on the shoal between Port Hope and Cobourg, and among others, the steamboat Niagara. During high water it is not seen, and as it extends some distance into the Lake, it is at such times exceedingly dangerous, particularly for boats trying to make either of those Ports at night. If a light house were erected on that shoal, it would serve as a guide for either Port, as it could be seen 12 or 15 miles distance.

The expense of erecting these light houses should not enter into the consideration of the Legislature, when it is considered what a vast amount of merchandise and property of every description is afloat upon the Lake during the season of navigation. And for three or four months, thousands of lives are depending on the safe arrival of the steamboats. We trust that these observations will, in some measure, tend to render the risk of travellers across Lake Ontario, much less than it is at present.

Schooner Lost - The reports that have been prevalent through the town for the last 10 days of the loss of an Oswego schooner, have received mournful confirmation. There is every reason to believe that the whole of the crew, consisting probably of 5 or 6 persons, are lost. The following is from the Oswego Palladium of the 20th inst.

"The schooner Three Brothers, Capt. Stevenson, sailed from Pultneyville for this port on Tuesday, 12th inst. laden with wheat and apples. Since then nothing has been heard of her. On Sunday last a barrel of apples the captain's hat and the tiller of the vessel were picked up ashore near the Nine mile Point - and fears are entertained that she was lost during the severe gale on Tuesday night."

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Nov. 30, 1833
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), Nov. 30, 1833