The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), Feb. 19, 1842

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p.2 (Note - numbers hard to read on microfilm - some are a best guess - ed.)


Welland Canal Office,

St. Catharines, 20th Dec., 1841.


I have the honor to report, for the information of the Board, that the navigation of the Canal commenced on the 4th of May last, and continued without any interruption worth mentioning, until the 6th instant, when the water was drawn off, to enable the contractors for enlarging the feeder, to commence their work.

The Tolls received on the Canal, during the past season, amount to £20,210, 19s 9d. currency, being an increase of £4,000 over last year. The principal cause of the increase not being greater is, I think, to be attributed to the small quantity of wheat sent from the Western country by this route, compared with last year's shipment; though the inadequate supply of water for the canal and mills, for about three months of the season, and the late period at which the canal was opened, contributed, in a very considerable degree, no doubt, to produce such a result.

The amount expended in repairs, and maintaining the canal in order, from the first of Dec. 1840, to the first instant, appears, by the accounts laid before you, to be £11,413 16s. 1d., but £2,522 of this sum was paid for enlarging the rock section of the Canal, near Port Colborne, and excavating three passing places between that port and the Junction.

The balance, £8821 10s. 4d. was expended, principally, during the past winter, in repairing eight of the locks, rebuilding the tow-path side of the aquaduct; building a new swing bridge at the aquaduct and framing two others, which are now in course of erection; putting a large quantity of macadamized stone on the dam at Dunnville; quarring and delivering all the stone required for the repair of the locks this winter; and keeping two horse dredges at work, during the summer, at Port Dalhousie and Port Colborne. The repairs to the locks and canal, during the season of navigation, have been less than in any former year; so that the carpenters have been employed a portion of their time, in building new gates, (now on hand,) preparing the timberwork of the locks to be repaired this winter, and framing a culvert, now putting in, at Leeburgh.

The most expensive item in the list of repairs for this winter, is the entire rebuilding of Lock No. 31, which being in a very precarious state, was sustained with much difficulty till the close of the navigation. Besides this lock, there are eight others requiring very considerable repair; the work on all of them has commenced, and is proceeding rapidly.

I have so frequently brought under the notice of the Board the great expense and waste of money in thus continuing to repair the wooden locks, that it is unnecessary to do more now than repeat my assertion of last year, that until replaced with stone, "the annual cost of repair will be more likely to increase than diminish."

In compliance with the orders of the Board, I have commenced the excavation of the remainder of the rock section, near Port Colborne; the work is going on satisfactorily, under the superintendence of an active and competent person, and will, I trust, be finished in March next.

The culvert ordered to be put in at Leeburgh, (to replace one that has long been found inefficient,) will be completed, I think, in January next.

On the 3rd instant, I received orders from this Board to provide a dredging machine, and have the same put in operation, with as little delay as possible, at Port Dalhousie. Having previously ascertained that the Provincial steam dredge (now at Port Hope) was very much out of repair, and could not be obtained until next spring, I lost no time in endeavouring to procure another; and on the 18th instant I entered into a contract with David Noble, of Ohio, for the construction of one, similar to those now used in the United States, and which, I am informed by competent judges, give great satisfaction. It is to be ready for use by the 1st March next, and will, I believe, answer an excellent purpose.

The Legislature of United Canada has shown its sense of the importance of this canal, by granting, during the first session, the liberal sum of £450,000 for its permanent construction; and as it will very shortly become the property of the Province, and be placed under the management of the "Board of Works," I cannot but believe that the most active and energetic measures will be adopted to put the whole work in that perfect state which its paramount importance to the commerce of the country demands. And with this view, I respectfully suggest the necessity of at once determining the site and specification for the new locks, so that they may be placed under contract by the first of April next. If this is not done, it is obvious that a valuable portion of next season will be lost.

The feeder being now under contract, for enlargement to schooner navigation, the policy of building a lock to connect it with the mouth of the Grand river, so as to render that harbor available for early navigation, is unquestionable. This lock, and a cut from Broad creek to Grand river, (should that route be preferred to Dunnville,) as also the piers necessary to form the harbor, could, I think, (if placed under contract this winter,) be completed in time for the opening of navigation, in 1843, without difficulty.

I have no doubt that all repairs necessary to the Canal, this winter, will be finished in good season, and that I shall be prepared to open the canal, in the spring, as early as it may be necessary.

All which is respectfully submitted.

William B. Robinson, Sup't. W.C. Co.

To the President and Directors of the Welland Canal.


Lake Erie was opened, at Buffalo, 27th April, 1840. During the 13 years next proceeding, the canal and the lake at Buffalo, were opened, respectively, as follows:


1827 March 31 April 21

1828 March 27 April 1

1829 May 2 May 10

1830 April 20 April 6

1831 April 16 May 8

1832 April 25 April 27

1833 April 19 April 23

1834 April 17 April 6

1835 April 15 May 8

1836 April 25 April 27

1837 April 20 May 16

1838 April 12 March 31

1839 April 20 April 11

It appears, from the above Table, that the lake was opened one year in March, 4 years on or before the 11th of April, four years from 21st to 27th April, four years from the 8th to the 16th May. [Extract from Report of Commissioners of Erie Canal, Jan. 1841]

p.3 Steamer Brockville - Notice is hereby given to the Stockholders in the Steamer Brockville, that a dividend of Three Pounds Ten Shillings per Share has this day been declared payable by

Kingston, February 14th, 1842. James Fraser, Treasurer.

By Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the Province of Canada

Granted To

Charles Maitland Tate,

Civil Engineer.

The Public are respectfully informed that patents have been taken out for the following Inventions: -

- 1 - A Patent for a new PROPELLER APPARATUS, giving motion and efficacy to the Propeller in steam boats or other vessels, by which a much greater velocity is given than by any other method.

2 - A Patent for a newly invented Camb, for cutting off steam, called an "Expanding Camb," by which method any required cut-off is secured by a single camb, instead of a different one being necessary for each, as now reguired.

Applications for the purchase of a single Right, or for the entire Patent, of either of the above, can be made at the office of Messrs. Cartwright and Geddes, Barristers, Kingston, by whom the requisite information will be afforded. Written Communications to be post-paid.

Kingston, February 18th, 1842.

NOTICE - is hereby given that a meeting of the Stockholders of the Steam Boat now building at Garden Island, will be held at Picton, on Thursday, the 10th day of March next, agreeably to resolutions passed at a meeting held at Kingston on the 26th day of Jan. last.

Kingston, 16th February, 1842 L. Cameron, Secretary.

Bay of Quinte 1842.

The Public are respectfully informed, that the Steamboat alluded to in the above advertisement, will, immediately on the opening of the navigation, be placed upon the Bay route in the charge of Captain W.T. Johnson.

The following will be her days of sailing: from Kingston to the River Trent, touching at all intermediate places -


Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.


Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.

Kingston, 6th February, 1842.

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Feb. 19, 1842
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), Feb. 19, 1842