The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), March 26, 1845

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p.2 We have received from a highly respectable Correspondent, a communication upon the subject of a supposed monopoly amongst the Forwarders from this place to Montreal, and from which the writer imagines that very extensive injury will be sustained by all classes of the population - the Farmer, the Merchant and the consumer, and our Correspondent says more especially the Farmer, because of the very low rate of Agricultural produce in England.

We have been induced to make enquiry into the real state of the case, before we give publicity to a charge which may not be founded in fact, and which has a tendency to bring into disrepute a very influential body of capitalists, and which would in such a case be highly injurious in more ways than one.

It is certainly true that immense sums have been lost in the forwarding business during the last four years; we believe we do not exaggerate when we say as much as 200,000 pounds, and in looking at the changes which will inevitably occur by the completion of the St. Lawrence Canals next year, it requires no spirit of prophecy to see that still heavier losses await them in the reduced value of boats, barges, etc., from the difference in the character of vessels which will be necessarily employed. We perfectly agree with our Correspondent that it is all important to the interests of the Colony, that freights should be reduced to the lowest possible "remunerating prices," because three pence or four pence per barrel on flour will often determine the export of that article for the British Market. We say "remunerating prices," because it is folly to imagine that capital will be employed in forwarding at a loss, any more than in anything else, and it is equally true that for the forwarders by any attempts at monopoly to get more, will be Fe lo de se. Because, in the first place, it lessens the quantum of business, and in the next, it is sure to defeat its own object, for if exorbitant profits are made, it will introduce an extent of competition which will certainly ruin the weakest, and do injury even to the most wealthy amongst them.

The following are the results of our enquiries with respect to the intended charges

Downwards from Kingston to Montreal.

A barrel of flour not to exceed 1s. 9d. C'y.

Wheat per bushel 7d.

And so in proportion for other articles.


For coarse and heavy goods 1s. 6d. per Cwt.

For an assortment of merchandize 2s. 6d. do. do.

There may be some variations, but we believe the above may be considered the rates of freight in general intended to be charged.

The Forwarders calculate, and we think with good reason, that from the Lachine Canal being closed from the 1st of August to the 15th September next fall, that the necessary freshet of business which will take place by shortening the season nearly one fifth, will involve a considerable addition to the expenses of forwarding, etc.

p.3 Notice - Auction Sale - of Cordage, Ship Chandlery etc. at the stores of Macpherson & Crane, foot of Clarence Street, on 1st of April. (with list of articles to be sold) 25th March.


As the Lachine Canal will not be navigable until after 1st May, the undersigned give notice that all Property sent to their Warehouses at Kingston or elsewhere, previous to that date, for transmission to Montreal or Quebec, will only be received on the express stipulation and understanding hereby conveyed, that it will be at the Owner's risk, and subject, to the Undersigned as Warehousemen, for the following rates of Storage, viz:-

Flour per barrel, 3d.

Pork and Beef do. 4d.

Ashes, do. 6d.

Wheat or other grain, per bushel 1/2 d.

Other things in proportion.

Macpherson, Crane & Co.

Hooker, Henderson & Co.

Murray & Sanderson.

Quebec Forwarding Co'y per Alex. Ferguson, Agent.

S. Hilliard, Agent Pioneer Steam Boat Co.

H. Jones & Co.

18th March, 1845

Died - At Montreal, on Saturday morning, at his residence in Bleury Street, James Henderson, Esq., aged 47 years.

It becomes our painful duty to record the death of James Henderson, Esq., of the firm of Messrs. Henderson, Hooker & Co. This gentleman had been suffering for some time from the effects of rheumatism, and it was his intention to have taken his departure in a few weeks for some more genial climate; but about a week since he experienced a severe attack of this malady, which in a few days changed into one more serious - gout; and after suffering severely for a couple of days, he was relieved from his earthly pains by the hand of Death. He died on Saturday morning about ten o'clock, sincerely regretted by a large circle of acquaintances. [Montreal Courier]

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March 26, 1845
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Rick Neilson
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Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), March 26, 1845