The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), March 29, 1845

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p.2 a letter about differences between toll rates on Oswego and Welland Canals.

p.3 The Royal Mail Steamer Sovereign is advertised to make two trips a week between Toronto and Kingston until further notice - leaving Toronto on Tuesdays and Fridays at noon - and Kingston on Wednesday and Saturday Evenings. The Sovereign may be expected here on Wednesday morning.

It is expected that the River Royal Mail Steamer Canada, will start for the lower ports on Tuesday morning if the ice in the river will permit.

The American steamer Oneida is expected here on Tuesday, from Ogdensburgh.

Several Schooners have cleared hence for the head of the Lake, and on Monday evening a small Schooner arrived from Toronto, laden with Pork, etc., consigned to .J.H. Greer, Equire.

From the Toronto Globe


We have copied from the Montreal Gazette and insert below, a petition lately presented to the Legislature, from certain Shipowners and Mariners on Lake Ontario, praying that measures may be adopted by the Board of Works for completing the Harbour at Port Hope, as a public or provincial work. We quite concur with the petitioners in the opinion expressed, that works of public importance and utility, such as the formation of roads and harbours, ought not to be left to the accomplishment of private enterprize; and we are assured that, at a moderate expense the harbour in question might be rendered a highly safe, commodious and convenient resort for vessels of all descriptions in bad weather. That such a harbour is required, is evident to every person who may have occasion to perform the voyage between Kingston and Toronto. At present there is but one, between those two ports, at all accessible in stormy weather, viz., the harbour at Presqu' Isle; and that being at a distance from any town or village, and possessing neither wharves nor other conveniences, is seldom resorted to.

We are aware that a considerable expenditure of money has been incurred in an attempt to form a harbour at Cobourg - but we are told that the space embraced within the very substantial piers erected here, is fast filling up with sand, and that it is now too evident that no sufficient harbour can be formed there unless at an enormous outlay. Even if this outlay were incurred it is by no means certain that any other result would be attained - or that it would not require constant dredging to be of any practical benefit to steamers and vessels in bad weather. We confess we very much regret that Cobourg cannot be selected. The enterprizing spirit of its citizens, and the beauty of the country around point it out as a highly desirable spot; but we are much afraid its exposed situation will frustrate the best exertions for the erection of a harbour. At Port Hope, the case is said to be different. The great natural advantages which it presents for the purpose and to which the petitioners have alluded, are apparent. A basin completely land-locked, and which by excavating the adjoining marsh might be made of sufficient extent to accommodate every vessel on the Lake, - the rising grounds upon each side, which might be readily fortified for the protection of the harbour in time of war, - a large and never-failing stream of water by which the channel would always be kept clear, and the deposit of sand and other impediments to navigation prevented, - the fact that it is always free from ice, weeks in advance of either Kingston or Toronto, and that even in the depth of winter vessels could be got out in the course of a few hours; - all these circumstances unite in rendering it one of the most eligible positions that can be selected for the purpose on Lake Ontario. But in addition to all these is a fact in which the Board of Works is more particularly concerned, namely, that Port Hope now forms the terminus of the Macadamized road recently constructed between Rice Lake and Lake Ontario, a work that will be of comparatively trifling benefit to the public, unless the harbour at which it terminates be put into a state of completion. This being done, each work will become auxilliary to the other. The road will contribute to the business of the harbour - the harbour to the traffic of the road. The expense of constructing each will thus in a measure be repaid by the other, and the public will be doubly gainers by the operation.

The following is the petition:

To the Honourable the Commons' House of Assembly of the Province of Canada, in Parliament assembled.

The Petition of the undersigned Ship-owners and Mariners, on Lake Ontario

Humbly Sheweth:

That from the want of sufficient and commodious harbours between Toronto and Kingston, on the said Lake, your Petitioners are annually exposed to great loss and danger.

That in the opinion of your Petitioners, the interest of all those engaged in commerce or in the navigation of the lake, would be greatly promoted if the Harbour at Port Hope, instead of remaining private property, were made a public work, and put into a state of completion.

That at a comparatively moderate expense, the said Harbour, possessing as it does great natural advantages for the purpose, might be rendered a highly commodious, safe and convenient resort for vessels in bad weather.

That in the opinion of your Petitioners, works of public importance and utility, such as the formation of the Harbour in question, should not be left to the accomplishment of private enterprize, and your Petitioners have reason to believe, that so long as the present Harbour remains in the hands and under the control of private individuals, it will never be made to answer the exigencies of commerce, nor be conducted to the satisfaction or advantage of those engaged in the navigation of the Lakes.

That from the want of a sufficient Harbour at the Port in question, vessels are frequently compelled by stress of weather to run for Toronto or Kingston, thereby incurring great delay and imminent and unnecessary risk of life and property, a risk which, as your Petitioners believe, has in several instances resulted in the total loss as well of vessels as of their crews, passengers and cargoes.

Wherefore, your Petitioners humbly pray, that your Honorable House will be pleased to grant a sufficient sum of money for the object set forth in this Petition, and to pass such enactments (due regard being had to the interests of the present proprietors) as may be necessary for rendering the work in question public instead of private property.

And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray.

Hugh Richardson, Steamer Chief Justice Robinson.

D. Bethune.

Henry S. Hamilton, Schooner Rose of Milton.

Wm. Gordon, Steamer Admiral.

James Sutherland, Steamer Sovereign.

Samuel McLarin, Schooner Prosperity.

Wm. McLarin, Schooner John Bull.

Thomas Goulthorpe, Schooner Erin.

Isaac Blain, Schooner Jane and Eliza.

Wm. Twohy, Schooner Rose.

George Ross, Schooner Lord Nelson.

John Kemp, Schooner Wm. Gamble.

Hugh McCab, Schooner Nancy.

Edward Gleeson, Schooner Dolphin.

Thomas Dick, R.M. Steamer City of Toronto.

Wm. Colcleugh, R.M. Steamer Princess Royal.

Henry Richardson, Steamer Queen.

Henry Twohy, Steamer America.

Toronto, 1st March, 1845.

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March 29, 1845
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), March 29, 1845