The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), April 30, 1845

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p.2 Opening of the Canals - The Cornwall Canal was opened on Thursday last, and the Highlander arrived here from Coteau Du Lac last evening. The Rideau Canal is also open, and the Lachine is advertised to pass vessels tomorrow. The St. Catharines Journal gives the following notice of a "grand pageant" at the openng of the Welland - tomorrow: -

"The new and enlarged locks on the canal, and the excavations necessary for the passing of vessels from lake to lake, are now so very near completion, as to admit of the recommencement of navigation on Thursday next, the 1st May. On that day it is proposed that a brilliant demonstration of joy be made on the opening of the new line of canal. In vessels decorated for the occasion, a large party will pass upwards the whole length, accompanied by bands of music, and hailed by the discharge of artillery at different points on the line - addresses will be interchanged by the Committees appointed for different portions of the route, and others will be delivered by W.H. Dickson, D. Thornburn, J. Cummings, and D. Thompson, Esqrs., the Hon. R. Dickson, and other gentlemen. The arrival of the procession at Lake Erie will be greeted by 24 rounds of Artillery, whose sound will be re-echoed along the canal back to Lake Ontario."

The Lake and River Royal Mail Steamers have all been placed in their respective stations on the line between Montreal and Hamilton - and we may assert without the least exaggeration, that more safe, commodious or better managed vessels of their class, does not anywhere exist. The addition to the bows of the Gildersleeve has materially increased her speed.

The Quebec Forwarding Company's barge Ness arrived at Montreal on Friday evening last with a cargo of 3380 bushels of wheat, from this Port, having passed through the Lachine rapids. The river and canal steamers Pilot and Gem cleared hence yesterday for Montreal via the St. Lawrence. We understand that this class of steamer do not intend to carry Cabin passengers this season. The river is open between Montreal and Quebec.

wooden tenements near Marine Railway burn down. [Herald]

We understand that advices have been received from England by the last steamer, that the important appeal case of Counter vs. Macpherson & Crane, respecting the buildings destroyed in the great fire at this Town, has been decided by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in favour of Messrs. Macpherson & Crane. As this appeal is final, the matter is now settled. [Herald]

The hull of the favourite old Steamer Great Britain has once more visited our port, but this time she comes in the shape of a barque fitted up for the timber trade, and bearing the poetic name of Eleonora, cuts quite a dashing figure. On being examined the hull was found to be in an excellent state of preservation, and the gallant barque appears well calculated to bear for many a year to come the rude assaults of the heavy gale and raging sea. It is said that previous to the close of the lake navigation the Eleonora will make a voyage to the West Indies with a cargo suitable for that market, to return to Canada in the spring of next year. [Niagara Chronicle]

The new steamer London left Chippewa for Buffalo on Saturday last. A gentleman who was on board at the time informs us that the engine works admirably, that in speed the London outstrips even the Emerald and that she afforded every indication of proving a first rate sea boat. She is a magnificent vessel in model, equipment and power, and under the command of such an experienced officer as Captain Van Allen, can hardly fail to prove first favourite with those who are led by business or pleasure to traverse the waters of Lake Erie. The London commences her first voyage from Buffalo to Detroit at nine o'clock in the forenoon of Saturday next, and will touch at the several ports on the British side of Lake Erie.

The Emerald is now making her regular trips between Chippewa and Buffalo. [Niagara Chronicle]



Sale Postponed.

This Vessel having wintered on the upper lakes, and the opening of the Welland Canal having been deferred till the first week in May, the advertisement appointing her sale for the first day of May is withdrawn, and the sale unavoidably postponed till Thursday the 15th May, when it will be held, as formerly announced, at the Pioneer Company's wharf, Kingston, at 12 o'clock noon.

Kingston, 23rd April, 1845 Thomas Greer, Auctioneer.





The Public are informed that the following are the arrangements for the Season:

The Commodious and Fast Low Pressure Steamers

HIGHLANDER, Capt. Stearns.

CANADA, Capt. Lawless.



Will ply daily from Kingston to Coteau du Lac, (45 miles from Montreal,) leaving Kingston every morning, at 7 o'clock, arriving at Coteau Du Lac early the same evening, from which place passengers are conveyed to the Cascades in Stages, (on a planked road;) sleep on board the Steamer Chieftain, and arrive in Montreal the next morning at 7 o'clock.


From Coteau Du Lac, the boats leave every evening, on the arrival of the Mail and Passengers from Montreal; and reach Kingston the following afternoon, in time for Passengers to take the Steamers for any Port on Lake Ontario.

The Boats pass through the splendid Long Sault Canal, the magnificent rapids of the St. Lawrence, and the Lake of the Thousand Islands by day-light, affording passengers the most desirable, safe, and expeditious route between Kingston and Montreal.

The above Steamers call at the following places: Gananoque, Brockville, Maitland, Prescott, Ogdensburgh, N.Y., Matilda, Williamsburgh and Cornwall.

Parcels and Luggage, as well as money packages, at the risk of the owners, unless booked as Freight.

Steam Boat Office, Commercial Wharf, Kingston, 28th April, 1845.




Will commence their regular trips on Friday next, the 18th inst.

Downwards From Toronto to Kingston

Sovereign, Captain Sutherland, every Monday and Thursday at noon.

City of Toronto, Captain Dick, every Tuesday and Friday, at noon.

Princess Royal, Captain Colcleugh, every Wednesday and Saturday, at noon.

Upwards From Kingston to Toronto.

Princess Royal, Capt. Colcleugh, every Monday and Thursday evening at 7 o'clock.

Sovereign, Capt. Sutherland, every Tuesday and Friday evening, at 7 o'clock.

City of Toronto, Capt. Dick, every Wednesday and Saturday evening, at 7 o'clock.

The above steamers will call regularly at Cobourg and Port Hope (weather permitting) and on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, on their downward trip, at Windsor Harbour, Darlington and Bond Head.

Parcels and luggage at the risk of the owners, unless booked and paid for as freight.

N.B. - No freight received on board after the second bell has rung for starting.

The Proprietors will not hold themselves responsible for damage to Goods by accidental fire or collision with other vessels, in addition to the ordinary exemption from liability. Money parcels at the risk of the owners thereof.

Royal Mail Steam Packet Office, Front Street, Toronto, April 1845.

1845 - FERRY - The Steamer Hunter will ply daily between Kingston and Wolf Island.

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April 30, 1845
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
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Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), April 30, 1845