The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), Jan. 28, 1846

Full Text

p.1 From the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, Jan. 10th


New Vessels Built in 1845.

There has been a prodigious accession to the Lake Marine during the past season - no less than sixty vessels, whose aggregate tonnage is over 13,000 tons, and at an outlay of $825,000. Had we not the evidence before us, the assertion would stagger belief.

More than usual pains was taken by us during the past season, to procure information on this head and others touching thereto, the result of which we now present in our annual list of new vessels. This season we have ventured beyond the immediate margin of Lake Erie, and those other broad lakes beyond, to Lake Ontario, a knowledge of whose marine is now deemed essential to a thorough understanding of our lake matters.

Number, Tonnage and Estimated Cost of New Vessels built in 1845, from this city westward to Chicago:

Name Class Tons Where Built Cost

Niagara ste'r 1075 Buffalo $95,000

Oregon " 781 Newport, Mich. 55,000

Boston " 775 Detroit 55,000

Superior " 567 Perrysburg, O. 45,000

Troy " 547 Maumee City, O. 40,000

London " 456 Chippewa, C.W. 46,000

Helen Strong " 253 Monroe, Mich. 22,000

John Owen " 205 Truago, Mich. 20,000

Romeo " 180 Detroit, do. 12,000

Enterprize " 100 Green Bay, W.T. 8,000

Empire, 2nd " 100 Grand Rapids, Mich 8,000

Algomah " 100 St. Joseph River, do. 8,000

Pilot " 80 Union City, do. 5,000

Princeton prop'r 456 Perrysburg, O. 40,000

Oregon " 313 Cleveland, O. 18,000

Phoenix " 305 do. 22,000

Detroit " 290 Detroit, Mich. 15,000

Odd Fellow brig 225 Cleveland, O. 9,000

Enterprise " 267 Grand Rapids, M. 8,000

Wing-and-Wing schr. 228 Cleveland, O. 9,000

Magnolia " 200 Charlestown, O. 2,000

Scotland " 300 Perrysburg, O. 8,000

J.Y. Seammon " 134 Chicago, Ill. 8,000

Napoleon " 250 Sault Ste. Marie 8,000

Freeman " 190 Charleston, O. 7,500

Eagle " 180 Sandusky, O. 7,000

Bonesteel " 150 Milwaukie, W.T. 6,000

Sheppardson " 130 do. 5,000

Rockwell " 120 do. 5,000

E. Henderson " 110 do. 4,500

Rainbow " 117 Sheboygan 4,000

C. Howard " 103 Huron, O. 4,000

J. Irwin " 101 Cleveland, O. 4,000

Avenger " 78 Cottersville, Mich. 3,000

Flying Dutchman " 74 Madison, O. 4,000

Cadet " 72 Cleveland, O. 3,500

W.A. Adair " 61 do. 3,000

Elbe " 57 do. 3,000

Planet " 24 do. 3,000

Albany " 148 raised and re-rig'd 2,503

Pilot " 50 Milwaukee, W.T. 2,500

Mary Anne " 60 do. 1,000

Marinda " 60 Lexington, Mich. 3,000

Sparrow " 50 China, do. 2,500

Big B. " 60 18 Mile Creek 2,500

Hard Times " 45 do. 1,500

Friendship sloop 45 Sheboygan, W.T. 2,000

Buffalo " 30 New Buffalo, Mich 1,000

Total 48 vessels 10,207 $659,000

During the past season, we stated that there was employed on the lakes a marine equal to 80,000 tons; we have assurance now that even that large estimate was below the reality. The latest returns to Congress, in 1843, gave 60,000 tons; but as those documents are always a year or two behind the reality, and embrace dead as well as living vessels, they are of little consequence. The existing and employed tonnage is what is most desired. The subjoined shows the number, class, tonnage, and cost of vessels built on this and the other upper lakes, during the past five seasons. By adding the cost of annual repairs and money expended in enlarging and re-modeling vessels, the sum would reach $2,500,000. The total number of vessels built during that period is 179.

Steamers Prop's Sail Tons Cost

1845 13 4 32 10,207 $659,000

1844 9 none 34 9,145 548,000

1843 6 4 23 4,830 236,000

1842 2 none 22 3,090 164,000

1841 1 none 28 3,530 173,000

Total 31 8 140 30,302 $1,880,000

The whole of the above vessels were built above the Falls, at places between this port and Chicago, by capital drawn from the many sources, legitimately pertaining to the lake business, and designed as a permanent investment. What has been done below Niagara, in the same field, during the past season, may be seen in the subjoined table of

Vessels built on Lake Ontario, 1845.

Syracuse prop'r 315 Oswego, N.Y.

H. Clay " 300 Dexter, N.Y.

Hampton brig 300 Pt. Peninsula, N.Y.

T. Wyman " 258 Oswego, N.Y.

Algomah " 335 Cape Vincent, N.Y.

Wabash " 314 Sack. Harbor, N.Y.

Crispin " 151 " "

Liverpool " 350 Garden Island, C.W.

Quebec " 280 Long Island, C.W.

H.H. Sizer sch'r 242 Pillar Point, N.Y.

Maid of the Mill " 200 Oswego, N.Y.

Milan " 147 Pt. Peninsula, N.Y.

H. Weaton " 200 Oswego, N.Y.

Welland " 220 Oswego, N.Y.

Josephine " 175 "

Total 15 vessels, 3,787 tons

To which must be added the sch'r J.S. Weeks, rebuilt and enlarged at Point Peninsula, at a heavy outlay; and also that of the sch'r Georgiana Jenia, at St. Catherines, which was cut in two, and rebuilt. The Josephine and Wyman are rebuilds, but so thoroughly as almost to fall within the denomination of new craft. The Wyman is polacca rigged, the only one in service, we think. The Algomah is full rigged, and, like the others, very strongly built. The Quebec and Liverpool are also well ironed, and designed for Atlantic service, when the St. Lawrence locks will admit a free passage.

There have been built, on the lower lake, other vessels than those embraced in the above list, including some steamers; and, in order to give our exchanges an opportunity to present the entire number and amount of expense, we omit any estimate of the cost and general outlay of the vessels named above. Applying our data, however, we make the outlay $25,000 each, for the two propellers, and $127,000 for the fifteen sail vessels, being a total of $177,000.

Of some sixty steamers now owned on the lake, (Erie), there are required for the several lines, when the consolidation exists, about thirty boats. There are also used, at the same time, some ten more small boats, between intermediate ports, for towing, etc., to which we also add the London and four others, belonging to and owned in Canada. There are also fourteen propellers, and ten more to be added on the opening of navigation in the spring, with fifty brigs and two hundred and seventy schooners, known to be in commission, giving the annexed summary of lake tonnage: -

Tons Value

Steamers 60 21,500 $1,500,000

Propellers 20 6,000 350,000

Brigs 50 11,000

Schooners 270 42,000 2,000,000

Total 400 80,000 4,050,000

In this we enumerate the seven Oswego Propellers, and such sail craft belonging to Lake Ontario only as we know participate in the business of the upper lakes.

On The Stocks - The desire to invest farther capital in vessels is seen in the number of new craft now on the stocks at various places throughout the whole range of the lakes. At this early day, we hear of the following to be rapidly pushed toward completion:

At this port, a steamer of 750 tons, for Mr. Reed; the iron steamer Dallas, of 370 tons, for government; and three Propellers of large size; at Chippewa, C.W., a large steamer; at Euclid, O., a brig of 290 tons; at Conneaut, O., a brig of 300 tons; at Cleveland, O., a steamer of 700 tons, three Propellers of 350 tons each, a brig of 280 tons, a schooner of 230 tons, and another of 70 tons, all to be out early; at Charleston, O., a steamer of 800 tons, a Propeller of 350 tons, and a schooner of 200 tons. An Oswego house has an interest in the Propeller; at Maumee City, O., two Propellers of 350 tons each; at Truago, Mich., a large steamer of 225 feet keel, for Captain Whitaker; at Detroit, a large steamer, for Mr. Newbury, another for Captain Gager, and a third, of the largest class, for Captain Randall; at Palmer, Mich., a Propeller for Capt. Easterbrooksl; at Newport, Mich., a steamer for the Messrs. Wards, and the frame of another, but smaller boat, for the same firm, to run between Detroit and Port Huron.

At Goderich, C.W. , or vicinity, a Propeller; at Milwaukie, a barque and brig, of large tonnage, 300 each. One of these vessels is nearly planked up already, and will be down with a cargo of wheat as soon as the straits are navigable; at Depere, W.T., a large sized schooner and a yacht of 70 tons; at Chicago, a large brig or schooner, for Capt. Parker, late of the Indiana; at St. Catherines, C.W., a brig, and at the mouth of the Genesee River, a propeller, for a Rochester company, making, in all, ten steamers, twelve propellers, and twelve sail vessels - thirty four in all.

[Buffalo Commercial Advertiser Jan. 10th]

p.2 Ship Canal around the Falls of Niagara - Mr. Hunt introduced the following resolution into the House of Representatives about two weeks since: -

Resolved, - That the Committee on commerce be instructed to inquire into the expediency of making an appropriation for connecting Lakes Ontario and Erie, by means of a ship Canal around the Falls of Niagara, on one side of one of the routes surveyed by Captain Williams under the authority of Congress, in 1835.

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Jan. 28, 1846
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Chronicle & Gazette (Kingston, ON), Jan. 28, 1846