The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Argus (Kingston, ON), Nov. 17, 1846

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Royal Navy.

We in our last number gave an account, hurriedly written, of the first trial trip of Her Majesty's Steam Sloop of War Cherokee, and Her Majesty's Iron Steam Vessel Mohawk. On Saturday we went on board the Cherokee and witnessed the second trial trip of both vessels. We ran from the moorings off Greer's Wharf, to "Nine-Mile-Point," in forty minutes, the log giving when hove, ten knots per hour; the distance run, and time, giving about the same speed. In running to "Nine-Mile-Point" the Cherokee distanced, by several minutes, the Mohawk, owing to the steam of the latter falling off from a deficiency in one of the gratings. While off Nine-Mile-Point we brought to for the purpose of trying one of the Sixty-eight Pounders. Hands were piped to quarters for shot practice. The stern gun was loaded first with the reduced charge, and fired at a flour barrel dropped from the vessel and receded from until at a distance of 500 yards. Mr. James Woods, the Gunner, had laid his gun with great precision, and the first shot struck within half the length of the flour barrel, the elevation being exact. The vessel then steamed ahead. The gun was next loaded with a full charge, the distance being 800 yards; it was fired and the shot fell immediately over the flour barrel. A third shot was fired with a distance charge, the range being 1200 yards: this shot fired was fully equal to the others. After this the gun was secured.

A signal was then made to the Mohawk to trim by the stern, which then made her draft two inches by the stern. After this she held her way with the Cherokee. We returned to Kingston; took a turn in the Bay, and brought up off the Dock Yard, where the Cherokee and Mohawk were warped to their moorings to the tune of the "King of the Cannibal Islands," and where they will remain for the winter, as the most satisfactory results have been obtained. The shot practice was witnessed by Lieutenant Granville Moyle, R.N., by Col. Garrett, and a party of other officers of the Garrison. The Cherokee answers her helm so well that she turns, as it were, upon a pivot.

Before commencing the shot practice, off Nine-Mile-Point, the dead lights were put in, and the sky lights taken off, as is usual; but in our opinion, no such necessity existed with reference to the concussion of the gun, as that was felt neither on deck nor below. As a proof of the latter, we may mention that a very inviting dejeuner (a la Cherokee) had been laid out on the table, in the gun-room, and when, after the firing, we went to partake of it - ushered to the good things - not a single wine-glass had been displaced. And as a proof of the former, we can say, that we stood close by the 68-pounder each time it was fired, and felt no greater concussion from it than we do in firing off our own double barrelled, in handling which, by the bye, against woodcock and snipe, we may have many equals, but few superiors. The circumstances regarding the feeble shock of the gun are stated for the purpose of affording the very best proof of the strength of the Cherokee, and, consequently, of the manner she has been put together by her builder, John Tucker, Esq.

The following measurements, kindly afforded to us from the books of the Navy Department, give the correct dimensions of the Cherokee and Mohawk, and will correct some errors we fell into, in our statement made hurriedly last week:

The Cherokeee,

Built at Kingston Dock Yard in 1842, under the superintendence of John Tucker, Esq. Fitted with two Engines of 100 horse power each, manufactured by Maudslay, Field & Son, London. Length between Perpendiculars, 170 feet: keel for tonnage, 150 feet 1 3/4 inches: extreme breadth, 30 feet 10 inches: breadth for tonnage, 30 feet 8 inches: breadth moulded, 30 feet: depth of hold, 16 feet 3 inches: diameter of cylinders, 53 1/2 inches: length of stroke, 5 feet: diameter of wheel, 22 feet 9 inches.

The Mohawk,

Built at Kingston Dock Yard in 1843, under the superintendence of Mr. Tucker. Fitted with two Engines of 30 horse power each, manufactured by the above makers. Length between perpendiculars, 124 feet 3 in.: keel for tonnage, 112 feet 6 in.: extreme breadth, 19 feet 6 inches: breadth for tonnage, 19 feet 6 inches: breadth moulded, 19 feet 5 1/2 inches: depth of hold, 10 feet: diameter of cylinders, 32 inches: length of stroke, 3 feet: diameter of wheel, 16 feet; the floats, or buckets, being 3 feet long by 2 feet broad. Before she was lengthened to her present length (26 feet more than she formerly was) she had a wheel only 12 feet in diameter, with buckets 8 feet 9 inches long by 22 1/2 inches broad. Mr. Baird's sweeping paddle wheels have been fitted to her not as some people suppose to increase her speed, but to lessen the space occupied by her, in breadth, so that she may pass through the Welland Canal. - Whilst talking of her wheels, we may mention that her floats are not placed at the exact angle recommended by Mr. Baird, namely, 45 degrees, but at an angle of 32 degrees, the angle at which they were placed in a model sent home to the Admiralty, and which model was made by the first Engineer of the Cherokee, Mr. Rob't Fothergill. In Mr. Fothergill's model there is, also, two ribs instead of the one which was proposed by Mr. Baird.

The Kingston Foundry - Whilst talking of these Government Steamers we may mention that the lengthening of the Mohawk, the making of her new wheels and powder magazine, and her other outfittings; and also all the brass work, the new capstan, and outfittings of the Cherokee, were done at the above Foundry: and, we know from conversing with all the officers of the Navy, that the work done has given complete satisfaction.

We may, en passant, state that this Foundry is now in complete operation, several improvements having been made in it this year. We were astonished on being taken through it by Mr. Strachan, the proprietor, to see such an extensive establishment. We went for the purpose of buying a cooking-stove, and have found one which answers our purpose "first-rate." "The way" we shall have snipes cooked in "that 'ere stove will be a caution."

p.3 Yesterday afternoon a steamer built opposite this place, on the L.C. side of the river, by the firm of Messrs. McPherson & Crane, was safely launched into the Ottawa River, between the hours of three and four P.M. She is named the Speed, and is intended to ply between Bytown and Grenville, on the route to Montreal. When the line is completed, it is expected that passengers will be able to get through from this place to Montreal by daylight, which will be a very great convenience to those who may have an occasion to travel on that route. We understand that she is to be taken down to Grenville to get her machinery on board. [Bytown Gazette]

The Canada - We regret to learn that one of the Engines of this fine Boat has been greatly injured on her last trip down the River. Rumor states the injury to the amount of 1,000 pounds - exaggerated we hope.

man falls overboard from Canada and drowns 8 miles from Cornwall. [Cornwall Observer]

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Nov. 17, 1846
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Argus (Kingston, ON), Nov. 17, 1846