Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Wealth and power westward
Niles Weekly Register, 7 Oct 1826, p. 87
Full Text

WEALTH AND POWER WESTWARD. We meet with the following in the papers without knowing whence it was derived, but presume the information which it gives is nearly correct.

Commerce of Lake Erie-- American side. Steam brig Superior built at Buffalo 346 tons; steam boat Henry Clay built at Black Rock about 300 tons; steam boat Niagara built at Black Rock about 200 tons; steam boat Pioneer built at Black Rock about 150 tons; steam boat Enterprize, built at Cleveland Ohio, about 200 tons; steam boat William Penn built at Erie, Penn., about 200 tons; steam boat Chippewa built at Buffalo, about 100 tons. Besides these seven steam boats, nearly 100 sail of brigs and schooners navigate Lake Erie.

The village of Buffalo contained in 1820 ,1200 inhabitants; in 1825, 2600 inhabitants; and the population is now estimated at between 4 and 5000. The number of buildings erected this year (including those now building) is about 200. This exhibits wonderful increase in that neighborhood.

British side.-- The population of Upper Canada in 1810 and 11, was not considered to exceed 50,000; now from the best information it is at least 200,000.

In 1812, on the Canada side of Lake Ontario there were but three merchant vessels over 40 tons. Now there are 30 or 40 over that burthen.

1812 there was not a steam boat known on any of the lakes.

1826, there are on the Canada side, of Lake Ontario seven superb steam boats, and on the American side two small ones.

Since 1816 the following steam boats have been built in Upper Canada by companies incorporated and capital paid in, viz:--

Frontenac, costl 15,000
Queenstown say 5000
Niagara 6000
Charlotte 3500
Toronto 2500
Canada 5000
Dalhousie 2500
Capital actually paid in l 39,500

Incorporated companies

Bank of Upper Canada capital l 100,000, paid in 50,000
Welland canal, capital l 200,000, paid in, about 50,000
Desjardin's canal l 10,000 paid in 500
Canal at Burlington bay 8000
Total paid in l147,500

Item Type
Date of Publication
7 Oct 1826
Language of Item
Geographic Coverage
  • Ontario, Canada
    Latitude: 42.454166 Longitude: -81.121388
  • Ontario, Canada
    Latitude: 43.795555 Longitude: -77.905555
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Wealth and power westward