Maritime History of the Great Lakes

Marine Record (Cleveland, OH), May 9, 1895, p. 3

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a, | J $2.00 PER YEAR. ESTABLISHED 1878... 10c. SINGLE COPY. VOL. XVIII. CLEVELAND, OHIO, MAY 9, 1895. NO. 19 Lake Carriers’ ASSOCIATION. To consider and take action upon all general questions relating to the navigation and carrying business of the Great Lakes, maintain necessary shipping offices and in general to protect the common interest of Lake Car- riers, and improve the character of the service rendered to the public. PRESIDENT. WILLIAM LIVINGSTONE, - Detroit, Mich. SECRETARY. CuHaRLes H. Keszp, - 5 - Buffalo, N, Y. TREASURER, GrorcE P. McKay, - - Cleveland, O. COUNSEL. Harvey D. Gouper, - Cleveland, O. VICE PRESIDENTS. J. C. Giicurist, Cleveland. THos. CRANAGE, Bay City. A. A, PARKER, Detroit. W.S. BRAINARD, Toledo. S, D. CaLpweEtt, Buffalo, E. D? Carrer, Seo) Brie. Wicey M. Ecan, Chicago. J. C. RickeTson, Milwaukee. F, N. LaSatrez, Duluth. F. J. Frrtu, Philadelphia. EXECUTIVE AND FINANCE COMMITTEE, H. M. Hanna,, Cleveland, Ohio. D. C.. Whitney, Detroit, Mich H. H. Brown, Cleveland, Ohio. W. P. Henry, Buffalo, N. Y. ee Corrigan, Cleveland, Ohio. . J. H. Brown, Buffa o, N. Y. . A. Haweood, Cleveland, Ohio. avid Van e, Milwaukee, Wis. Thomas Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio. R. P. Fitzgerald, Milwaukee, Wis. M. A. Bradley, Cleveland, Ohio. John G. Keith, Chicago, Ill. . C. Gilchrist, Cleveland, Ohio. J. S. Dunham, Chicago, Iil. . M. Peck, Detroit, Mich. COMMITTEE ON AIDS TO NAVIGATION: W.C. Richardson, Cleveland. Ohio. W.M. Egan, Chicago, Ill. George P. McKay, Cleveland, Ohio. Frank Owen, Ogdensburg, N. Y. H.G. Dalton, Cleveland, Ohio. A. W. Colton, Toledo, Ohio. B. L. Pennington, Clevelind, Ohio. James Davidson, Bay City, Mich. Thomas Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio. Alvin Neal, Port Huron, Mich, ohn W Moore,’ Cleveland, Ohio. M. M. Drake, Buffalo, N. Y. . S, Mack, Cleveland, Ohio. W. Bullard, Buffalo, N, Y. David C. Carter, Detroit, Mich, COMMITTEE ON LEGISLATION: S. D. Caldwell, Buffalo, N. Y, ames Corrigan, Cleveland, Ohio. James Ash, Buffalo, N. Y, Vm. Livingstone, Detroit, Mich. E. T Evans, Buffalo, N.Y. James Millen, Detroit, Mich. P.P. Miller, Buffalo, N. Y, Jesse Spaulding, Chicago, IIl. John Gordon, Buffalo, N. Y. C. A. Eddy, Bay City, Mich. W. Bullard, Buffalo, N. Y. Alex. McDougall, Duluth, Minn. Edward Smith, Buffalo, N. Y. F. J. Firth, Philadelphia, Pa. H. M. Hanna, Cleveland, Ohio. : AMERICAN SHIPMASTERS’ RULES. Hon, John Riley, United States consul general at Ottawa, Can., was in Washington this week, and had a conference with Commissioner of Navigation Chamber- lain in regard to the adoption of the new “rules of the road,’’provided for in the Lake Shipmasters’ rules. It is very desirable to have the same laws used by both Canadi- an and United States vessels on the lakes, and itis hoped that the Canadian Parliament, which is now in session, will pass a law adopting the provisions recently enacted by Congress. Mr. Riley has not yet been able to accom- plish anything in his official capacity, but will confer with Canadian officials upon his return to Ottawa, and it is hoped that practically the same rules will prevail on all lake tonnage. ——— EEE? aa HALF WAY MEASURES. The Secretary of the Navy has finally settled the dis- pute in the board of naval bureau chiefs over the des- igns for the six light draft gunboats authorized to be built by the last Congress. Four members of the board reported in favor of twin screw boats without sails, while two members held to the design prepared by the construction bureau, which contemplated single screw, full sail powered vessels. The secretary has decided’to build boats of each type, four with fullsail power, and single screw and two with twin screws and without sail power, having only two signaling masts. Work on the. plans will be pushed and it is expected the advertisements for proposals will be issued in about a month. EEE Oe HAY LAKE CHANNEL LIGHTS. The building of the cribs for the lighting of the Hay Lake channel are well under way. ‘Twelve men are now employed, but the force will be increased to 50 on the arrival of the superintendent of construction for the Light-House Board. ‘The cost of the lighting plant in- volves the expenditure of between $40,000 and $50,000. Six cribs will be built, two dwellings for light keepers erected, one at the Neebish and the other at the Sailors’ Encampment. The dwelling: at Whitefish Point will also be remodeled. The cribs will be 24 feet square, and will have wooden towers similar to those already built in the old channel. They will be located as fol- lows: One at Station No. 7, in Lower Hay Lake; Station No. 9, Hay Lake, Station No, 16 at Nine-mile Point; Station No. 17, Upper Hay Lake. ‘T'wo of the cribs will be used for backing purposes.. All of the cribs will be placed on rip-rap five feet in thickness. OD + a GAS BUOYS. The Light-House Board recognizes the necessity of gas buoys, at certain points on the lakes and made every effort to impress both committees of the last Congress that they were indispensable. Last year Congress ap- propriated $385,000 for buoyage. ‘The hurricanes of last year and the ice of this winter caused absolute loss of so many ordinary buoys that much of the appropriation must be expended in replacing these and having this in view, the board asked for. $450,000. But should gas buoys be bought from, and under this appropriation, then $500,000 would be required. Congress gave only $415,000, or $25,000 less than the board asked for for the regular and ordinary buoyage expenses. The boardis ready to supply every possible aid for navigation, yet if funds are not appropriated, they can not comply with the wishes of interested people to make the buoyage system perfect. ‘The secretary of the Light-House Board says that nothwithstanding the limited resources there isa possibility of purchasing six gas buoys for the lakes, if the next Congress are any way liberal. EE PD NAVAL COALING STATIONS. The recent experience of the squadrons through the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Carribean Sea has served to attract the attention of the officials’ of the’ Navy Department to the necessity of acquiring at least one or two coaling stations in those waters for the use of the navy. The difficulty of procuring a sufficient supply of coal at different points and at reasonable prices has indicated the trouble that may be expected when it might be necessary to maintain for long periods of time a num- ber of cruising gunboats in those waters. Such a contin- gency is being prepared for by the construction of a number of boats calculated for just stch service. The source of coal supply inthat section are at present largely in British possession. The price is always high in some ports, but it is very much higher in others, be- ing known to reach $15 per ton at Colon at times.. Now that the navy has rid itself almost entirely of sail power and the ships rely altogether on steam, the amount of money expended in coal is assuming formi- dable proportions and the naval officers are using all of their ingenuity to keep down this expense without in- jury to the Service. The common belief that these coaling stations would be very expensive to acquire, and would require to be strongly fortified to defend them, is without real foundation./Some of the naval officers who have been giving much ‘ition to the subject are confident that the United States could readily arrange for the acquisi- tion of coaling stations from almost any of the countries facing the Gulf of Mexico or the Caribbean Sea at a nominal cost. In case of war, if the station was near enough to the scene of the hostilities to be necessary, it could be pro- tected by the ships that would be required to use the coal. If it was distant from the scene and necessary “to the service at that time it would be left to take its chances, for the enemy would scarcely find it profitable to send ships to capture a coal pile which could be readily replenished at any convenient time. It is believed that Secretary Herbert is giving this subject attention and that when congress meets again he may recommend to that body that this govern- ment be clothed with the necessary power to acquire suitable sites for coaling stations. a ee COASTING PRIVILEGES. A paragraph has gone the rounds of the press stating that Hawaiian vessels had been given all the privileges of American vessels, leaving it thus to be inferred that the right to enter the coasting trade had also been grant- ed. One ofthe U.S. statutes denies the coast trade to all foreign vessels and an act of Congress would have to be passed to secure that privilege to vessels of Hawaii. The report, no doubt, emanated from a department cir- cular issued by the Commissioner of Navigation admit- ting _Hawaiian vessels to enter United States ports without admeasurement orin other words, accepting the tonnage denoted in their own certificates of registry as being substantially the same as the system in use in the United States and equal thereto for all commercial pur- poses. rr NEW TONNAGE. The following lake built craft were given official numbers by the Bureau of Navigation Treasury Depart- ment during the week ending April 27. Steam—Arrow, 365 tons gross, Detroit, Mich. Sail—Standard Oil Co., No. 75 and 76, 794 tons gross, built at* West Superior, Wis., and hailing from Chicago.

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