Maritime History of the Great Lakes

Marine Record (Cleveland, OH), June 13, 1895, p. 10

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DEPTH OF WATER AT LAKE PORTS. (CONTINUED FROM LAST ISSUE ) LAKE HURON, At Sable, Mich.—Channel 10 feet deep, 120. feet wide, dredged in 1889, up to the swing bridge; present depths can not be given as there has been no survey since, sup- posed to have shoaled. “Cheboygan: Harbor, Mich.—Former channel 15 feet deep, available depth now 13 feet. Lake Huron (foot of), Jan., 1895.—Seventeen feet at ordinary stage of water. The new 21-foot channel can now be used. Saginaw River, Mich—Depth 14 feet, 200 feet wide. On account of low stage of water itis not safe for ves- sels drawing over 13 feet, which draft may be carried between the mouth of the river and the Portsmouth bridge at S. Bay City, a distance of six miles; thence to the head of navigation 11 feet depth. Sand Beach, Mich.—Dredged to 21 feet below zero guage, but with prevailing stage of water the entrance depth is not. over 20 feet, equal or greater depths ad- joins the main breakwater, inside, at all points between these two entrances. There is 13 feet at landing pier, present stage of water. Sebewaing Harbor, Mich.—In 1881 from bridge to 6- foot curve in Saginaw Bay 7 feet, present depth 4 feet and less. Thunder Bay Harbor, Jan., 1894.—Dredged to 16 feet, 200 feet wide. Thunder Bay River from mouth to Min- ers saw mill 16 feet. Present available depth on ac- count of low water and accretions 15 feet. ST. CLAIR RIVER. Belle River, Marine City, Jan., 1893.—From mouth to First bridge 13 feet, thence to Broadway bridge 12 feet, available depth at present 11 and 10 feet respectively. Black River, Port Huron.—Dredged channel 16 feet from St. Clair River to Washington Avenue, Port Huron. Available depth at present is a scant 15 feet, diminishing up stream to 10 feet at the upper limits of the improvement. Pine River, St. Clair, Jan., 1895.—Dredged channel to shipyard 10 feet, thence to Belknap’s brickyard original depth, 5 to 8 feet over bars. St. Clair River, Port Huron.—The bar in the St. Clair River which obstructed the mouth of Black River has been removed to a depth of 16 feet, from the 16-foot curve above to the 16-foot curve below, a width of 650 feet from the wharves of Port Huron. LAKE ST. CLAIR. Clinton River, Mich., Jan., 1895.—10 feet deep, 50 feet wide. A channel 8 feet deep was made from the mouth of the village of Mount Clemens 8% miles by dredging . several bars up to Shoemaker’s Bend, but the dredged channels are believed to be deteriorating. Grosse Pointe Channel, Lake St. Clair, Jan., 1894.— Available depth at ordinary stage 16 feet. Work in progress for channel 800 feet wide and 20 feet deep. St. Clair Flats Canal, Jan., 1895.—Channel 20 feet deep, beginning at deep water of St. Clair River, above the canal, with a bottom width of 650 feet; thence grad- ually narrowing to the canal carrying the same depth through canal to deep water on Lake St. Clair witha width of 800 feet. DETROIT RIVER. Detroit River, bar at mouth, 1§94.—Available depth 16 feet at ordinary stage of water. Work in progress for channel through bar 800 feet wide, 21 feet deep. Limekiln Crossing, Jan., 1894.—Twenty feet deep, 440 feet in. width. Between Ballard’s Reef and the Crossing, Jan., 1895. —Avyailable depth at ordinary stage 17 feet. Workin progress for channel 400 feet wide and depth to solid rock. Rouge River, Mich., Jan., 1894.—Dredged channel to 16 feet, 240 feet wide, narrowing to 100 feet. The chan- nel has probably shoaled, but to what extent is not known. A project for further improvements is under consideration. LAKE ERIE AND NIAGARA RIVER. Ashtabula, O., Oct., 1894.—Depth outside piers 17 to 21 feet, 213 feet wide between piers, 17 feet to bridge, 50 to 75 feet wide on sides of channel, shoaling to 14 feet. Shifting sands cause these soundings to vary from time to time. Black River, O., June, 1893.—Fourteen-foot bar formed on line of east pier 500 feet into the lake, extend- ing half-way across entrance; 17 feet depth on west half of entrance; 16 to 18 feet between piers. Shifting sands cause depths to vary. | Buffalo Harbor, Jan., 1894.—Outer harbor not less than 23 feet. The river and canal is maintained by the city on the basis of 18 feet depth at low water, city datum, which would give about 19 feet at mean lake level. Actual depth allows about 16 feet. draft. _ Cleyeland.—Between piers generally a 17-foot chan- nel, 50 to 100 feet wide, shoaling on sides to 14 or 15 feet. Entrance to west anchorage basin dredged in 1893, toa depth of 19 feet for a width of 600 feet. Deposit from river and lake causes depths to vary from time to time. Conneaut, O., Jan., 1893.—Fjntrance dredged to 17 feet by railroad company. Shifting sands cause depths to vary, but no decided bar has yet formed. Dunkirk, N. Y., Jan,, 1895.—Channel dredged last spring to 13 feet to dock fronts, Erie, Pa.—There is not less than 17 feet at mean lake level for a width of 250 feet. Fairport, O., Nov., 1894.—A dangerous bar works THE MARINE RECORD. across the mouth of piers from the westward, showing soundings of sometimes less than 13 feet. A channel was dredged through this bar in Oct., 1894; otherwise 18 to 22 feet on outer bar is usually found 1,000 to 1,500 feet outside of piers, with sometimes dangerous depths. Usually 17 feet in channel between piers. Horseshoe Reef, Niagara River—Depth 18 feet for a width of 400 feet. Some loose rock will be removed from the west side this season. Huron, O., July, 1893.—Good 17 feet depth full width outside of and between piers. Shifting sands some- times cause depths to vary, but nodecided bar is usually found. Monroe, Mich.—Minimum depth from lake to ends of piers on line of north pier 8to9 feet. Bar makes up from southward with 7 feet depth. Deep waters in canals; 8 to 9 feet in river to docks. These depths vary but little from year to year. Niagara River, Jan., 1895.—Strawberry Reef 16 feet deep for a width of 400 feet will be deepened to 18 feet for a part of its width this season, Port Clinton, O.—Dredged channel and to inner har- bor 10 feet, 100 feet wide, depths hold fairly well from year to year. There isa pile of stone with 6 feet of water, 1,400 feet outside of piers on range of end of west pier, old light-house has been removed. Sandusky, O., Jan., 1895.—Depth over bar varies from 15 to 18 feet. 75to 200 feet in width. Old chan- nel to wharves 13 to 16 feet deep. New straight chan- nel from Cedar Point to B. & O. R. R. wharves has been completed, 200 feet wide, 17 feet deep, present depth less than 17 feet in some places. Dock channel is being dredged to 17 feet. Sandusky River, Nov., 1893.—A ten-foot channel from bay to deep water in river 6,000 feet in length and 50 to 75 feet wide. Least depth from Sandusky Bay to Fre- mont 9 feet. Through Sandusky Bay to L.S. &M.S. bridge is 8% feet. Toledo, O.—Depth in old channel 11 to16 feet. This channel will not be lighted or buoyed in 1895. New straight channel 17 feet, 200 feet wide, except near mouth of river, where it shoals at sides to 13 or 14 feet. this will be dredged this season to a full 17 feet. A new pair of range lights are shown on axis of straight chan- nel this year located at Manhatten. Depth in river 18 fect and over, bar at crossing above Craig’s shipyard di-dged in 1894. Shoal above Cherry street bridge wil also be dredged this season to 18 feet. Tonawanda Harbor, N. Y.—There is 16 feet between the island and main shore, except within 50 feet of the dock fronts. Shoal spots will be dredged this season. ‘Vermillion, O.—Piers 130 feet wide, depth 11 to 12 feet, no marked bar, depth increases gradually into the lake. LAKE ONTARIO. Charlotte, N. Y., in 1892.—Dredged to 16 feet at ex- treme low water level, in 1894 silted up to 13.5 feet and it was again dredged to 16 feet. The lake outside piers is 14 feet at extreme low water. Improvements are pro- jected. Great Sodus Bay, N. Y.—Inu 1892-3, 13.5 at extreme low water, shoaled since to 12.5 feet and 100 feet wide. It is proposed to deepen to 16 feet and widen to 150 feet. Little Sodus Bay, N. Y.—In 1893 improved toa least depth of 14 feet at low water level, 40 feet wide. It is proposed to dredge the entire channel to 16 feet at ex- treme low water. i Oak Orchard, N. Y.—Channel in 1891 13.5 feet deep at mean lake level between the piers, except within 10 feet of the piers. : Olcott, N. Y., 1891.—Channel 13.5 feet deep between the piers, except 10 feet from the piers. Oswego, N. Y.—Outer harbor 18 feet at low water. Inner harbor deepened to 15 feet the full width of the river. The largest steamers can freely make the eleva- tor and coal trestles. Pultneyville, N. Y.—Channel and Creek basin deep- ened up to wharves and warehouses in 1893 to 10 feet at extreme low water level. This channel has since shoaled to 6 feet at the creek outlet. Sackett’s Harbor, N. Y., Feb. 1, 1895.—Dredged toa depth of 12 feet for an area of 6 acres. Wilson Harbor, N. Y, .July, 1889.—Depth of channel 12 feet for 100 feet width near the west pier, except rock bar across mouth with only 9.5 feet. ST. LAWRENCE RIVER. Ogdensburg, N. Y.—Present condition 14.5 feet through upper entrance and to all parts of harbor ex- cept the middle of the Oswegatchie; 16.5 feet through lower entrance toelevator and coal derrick. In the Os- wegatchie, the channels are 60 feet wide; in the St. Lawrence they are from 100 to 250. The upper entrance will be carried out to the river at 16.5 feet this season. St. Lawrence River, above Ogdensburg, vicinity of Chippewa Bay.—The Upper or Haskell shoal and the spur making out from it as well as Blind Bay shoal have been deepened to 18 feet. Fifteen shoals recently located within 1,000 feet of the mid-channel line are on the latest prints of the charts, several of which will be deepened to 18 feet this season. en + eso Ome ee DREDGING AT ASHTABULA. On account of numerous complaints having been made by vessel owners and masters at the delay of the dredging contractors in carrying out their contract to deepen Ashtabula Harbor it is now learned that dredg- ing has begun this week. The harbor is reported as being in some places only fifteen feet in depth and it will be deepened to twenty feet. The sand will first be removed, then the rock bottom cut away till a proper depth isattained. The dredging will extend a distance of 1,800 feet from the old shore line at the river’s mouth, and the channel cut will be 210 feet in width. It will take a year to complete the work as projected. The en- trance to the port and the river is, however, liable to shoal and more or less dredging will be required at reg- ular intervals to keep a fair draught of water for the large tonnage frequenting Ashtabula. ————— ED oe Oe AMPLITUDES. The following approximate amplitudes of the Sun’s rising will be given each weekin this column during the season of navigation. A second bearing of the sun may be taken at sunset by reversing the bearings to read west instead of east, as, for example, N. E. by E. for a sunrise bearing would read N. W. by W. for a sun- set, or K. 30° N. to W. 30° N. LAKE ERIE AND S. END LAKE MICHIGAN, LAT. 42° N. Sunrise. Bearing (degrees). Bearing (points). — cia he (ap 5 Cs SSPaenee ener age By. 32° N¢ NE. by E. % E. VUNG Olin cr ties ci. KE. 32°N NE. by E. % E. LAKE ONTARIO, S. END HURON AND CENTER LAKE MICH- IGAN, LAT. 44° N. Sunrise. Bearing (degrees). Bearing (points). Jae 14.8, aro. ¢! B. 33° N. NE. by EF. % E. JunesQloy ert 2cadbs FB. 33° N. NE. by E. % E. N. END LAKES HURON AND MICHIGAN, LAT. 46° N. Sunrise. Bearing (degrees). Bearing (points). Jainie 414 Hiss ander: EK. 34° N. NE. by E. Tunes oieks oe, E. 34° N NE. by E. LAKE SUPERIOR, LAT. 48° N. Sunrise. Bearing (degrees). Bearing (points). UUne 14 eee KE. 36° N. NE. % E. DUNE 2dr ones Sout a E. 36° N. NE. % E. With a compass correct magnetic, the difference be- tween the observed and true bearing will be the varia- tion for the locality. If there is any deviation on the course the vessel is heading at the time of taking the bearing, the result after the variation is applied will be the amount of deviation on that course. EEE ee ee » BOY’S COMPOSITION ON SAILORS. The following is declared to be the work of a pupil in an English elementary school: ‘‘Seamen are what we call sailors, and captains, and training ship boys. ‘The sailors you see in the streets are nice little fat men, with red and brown faces. They ware boys’ coats and hats, and their trousers are too tite for them up above and too wide for them down below. It makes them feel very riled. Sailors don’t ware colars, becose their necks are so thick; and they always have their boots blacked for fear the captain might see them rounda corner. They don’t carry their best close in boxes, but they ty them up in big red and blue handkerchiefs, just like Christmas puddens, Sailors are very fond of their mothers and sisters, and you neerly always see them taking them out to walk. The reason sailors like to get drunk is becose it makes them roll about like as if they were on the ocheant. — no a NOTES. THE Union Steamboat Co., of Buffalo owners of the steamer New York, are dissatisfied with the last decision of Judge Swan of Detroit in which he reversed his former ruling and declared the New York wholly to blame for the sinking of the Conemaugh and assessing the damages accordingly. H.C: Wisner, attorney for the New York has applied to the court for a rehearing. Mr. Wisner claims he has evidence of importance bearing upon the conduct of the New York at the time of the collision, that did not appear in either of the former trials. Judge Swan is considering the matter. One of the strangest coffins ever told of, Says the Army and Navy Journal, is that for which the British War Department is said to be responsible. The story is that a workman, engaged in casting metal for the manu- facture of ordnance at the Woolwich Arsenal, lost his balance and fell into a caldron containing 12 tons of molten steel. The metal was at white heat, and the man was utterly consumed in less time than it takes to tell of it. The War Department authorities held a con- ference and decided not to profane the dead by using the metal in the manufacture of ordnance, and that mass of metal was actually buried and a Church of England clergyman read the services for the dead over it.

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