4 - naval warfar. $2.00 PER YEAR. a SE — om ESTABLISHED 1878. 10c. SINGLE COPY. VOL. XVIII. CLEVELAND, OHIO, JULY 4. 1895. NO. 27 Lake Carriers’ ASSOCIATION. To consider and take action upon all general questions relating to the navigation and carrying business of the Great Lakes, maintain necessary shipping offices and in general to protect the common interest of Lake Car- riers, and im:rove the character of the Service rendered to the public. PRESIDENT. WittaMm Livinestone, - Detroit, Mich. SECRETARY. Cartes H. Keni, =: =; =: Biiffalo, N, Y. TREASURER; é Grorce P. McKay; 2 = Clevéland; 0: COUNSEL. Harvey D. Goutprr, - Cleveland, O. VICE PRESIDENTS. J. C. Gricurisr, Cleveland. Tuos. CRANAGE, Bay City. A. A, Parker, Detroit. Ww. ae BRAXINARD, Toledo. S, D. CALDWELL, Buffalo. E. D. Carrer, Erie. Wicry M. Ecan, Chicago. ji é "RICKETSON, Milwaukee. F, N. LASAtte, Duluth. . J. Frirtu, Philadelphia. EXECUTIVE AND FINANCE COMMITTEE, H. M. Hanna,, Cleveland, Ohio. D.C. Whitney, Detroit, Mich H, H. Brown, Cleveland, Ohio. W. P. a i Buffalo, N. Y. hea ee Corrigan, Cleveland, Ohio. 52 Brown, Buffa o, N. Y. A. Hawezood, Cleveland, Ohio. dia Vanc e, Milwaukee, Wis. Thomas Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio. R. P. Fitzgerald, Milwaukee, Wis. M. A. Bradley, Cleveland, Ohio. John G. Keith, Chicago, IIl. . C. Gilchrist, Cleveland, Ohio. J. S. Dunham, Chicago, Iil. Peck, Detroit, Mich. COMMITTEE ON AIDS TO NAVIGATION: W. C. Richardson, Cleveland. Ohio. W.M. Egan, Chicago, Ill. George P. McKay, Cleveland, Ohio. Frank Owen, Ogdensburg, N. Y. H. G. Dalton, Cleveland, Ohio. A. W. Colton, Toledo, Ohio. B. L. Pennington, Cleveland, Ohio. James Davidson, Bay City, Mich. Thomas Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio. Alvin Neal, Port Huron, Mich, eon W Moote, Cleveland, Ohio. M. M. Drake, Buffalo, N. Y. . Mack, Cleveland, Ohio. W. Bullard, Buffalo, N.Y. David C, Carter, Detroit, Mich, ‘ COMMITTEE ON LEGISLATION: S$. D. Caldwell, Buffalo, N. VY. gasses Corrigan, Cleveland, Ohio. a ae Ash, Buffalo, N. Y. m. Livingstone, Detroit, Mich. . T. Evans, Buffalo, N.Y. James Millen, Detroit, Mich. P.P. Miller, Buffalo, N. Y, Jesse Spaulding, Chicago, Ill. John Gordon, Buffalo, N.Y. C. A. Eddy, Bay City, Mich. W. Bullard, Buffalo, N. Y. Alex. McDougall, Duluth, Minn. Edward Smith, Buffalo, N. Y- F. J, Firth, Philadelphia, Pa. H. M. Hanna, Cleveland, Ohio. NAVAL FLEETS, Some interesting statistics have been compiled recent- ly by Secretary Herbert concerning the number and the types of war vessles of the leading navies of the world. The tables show that England has at the present time some 43 battleships, 12 coast defenders, and 18 armored cruisers, and 10 battleships building. The French navy contains 43 armored vessels built, and 20 authorized and building. Russia has 40 such vessels, Germany 32, and Italy 18. ‘These navies have, in addi- tion, many unarmored vessels. The number of war vessels in the service of England, including protected cruisers, ordinary cruisers, gunboats, and torpedo ves- sels, exclusive of torpedo boats, is 238, and some 48 ad- ditional ones authorized and building. The French navy contains in all 147 vessels, with 24 building. Ger- many has altogether 39, Russia 32,and Italy 72. Tor- pedo boats have come to take a very important part in France has 217 torpedo boats in service, and 42 authorized and building. England has 165 and FS 64 respectively: Italy 178 and 11; Russia 163 and 14: and Germany 119. The comparison between the United States and foreign navies afforded by this table is very significant. At present the United States has 3 torpedo boats and 3 building. —_—_— rr 2 re A DOMINION COMMITTEE. Minister Haggart says that the Dominion govern- ment will appoint three commissioners to co-operate withthe American commission in an investigation of the deep waterways project from the Great Lakes to the ocean. O. A. Howland, M. P., of Toronto, and two government officials will probably serve. 2S ri ocr DETROIT RIVER RANGES. Before another season of navigation opens, the entire length of the Detroit River from Detroit to Bar Point, may be navigated by ranges, and all risk of running upon shoals will be eliminated. Work on the two bea- cons at Ecorse, above Grassy Island, is nearly finished and will be lighted as soon as the light-house board can putin lenses. The board will then construct three bea- cons upon Grassy Island, establishing two more ranges. One will be completed in about two months, and the other two later in the year. When that is done the series will be complete. The channel is deep and rea- sonably wide, and by following the ranges sailing will be as secure as upon any part of the Great Lakes. aS EEE Oa HUDSON RIVER BOATS. When the People’s Steamboat Line to Albany passed under the control of the Vanderbilts recently it was de- cided to build two fine vessels at acost of $1,500,000 each. Contracts for them were awarded to Charles M. Eynglis, a grandson of the famous New York ship builder, John Englis. Work on the first of the new boats was begun about two months ago, and by next summer at the latest, she will be completed. ‘Then work on her sister boat will begun. The new boats, it is believed: will exceed in speed and lines the well-known Fall River Line vessels and will be the longest—400 feet—that have ever plied regularly on the Hudson. Each will have 400 staterooms, ar- ranged so that all will be outside rooms. Heretofore no plan could be devised for giving every stateroom an outside window. Bach steamer will be equipped with engines of 8,000- horse power and, it is predicted will exceed in speed any craft that has ever traveled the waters of the Hud- son. It is intended to make the launchings of the boats a big event, and it will doubtless attract thousands to the shipyards of John Englis & Son, at Greenpoint. There will be three stateroom decks to each boat. The third or uppermost deck will be 300 feet long. The new boats will be side-wheelers. There will be a bridal chamber on each boat and the dining saloon, on the main deck aft, will be fitted up in white mahogany. The rest of the fittings being in white and gold. The build- ing of these new swans of the Hudson is giving employ- ment to many men, and it is hoped will do much to re- vive the ship-building trade in New York and vicinity. NOTICE TO MARINERS. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA—NORTHERN TAKES AND’ RIVERS—OHIO. CLEVELAND WEST BREAKWATER (EK. Enp) LIGHT STATION.—Notice is hereby given that, on or about July 1, 1895, the characteristic of the 10-inch steam whistle at this station, on acrib behind the BE. end of the W. breakwater, W. side of the entrance to Cleve- land Harbor, Lake Erie, will be changed to sound, dur- ing thick or foggy weather, or when the entrance to the harbor is obscured by smoke, blasts of 3 seconds’ dura- tion, separated by silent intervals of 57 seconds, thus: Silent Silent Blast interval Blast interval 3 sec. * 57 sec. 3 sec. Sf Sec. As soon as practicable, and without further notice, a sounding-board and reflector will be placed on the fog-. signal house to throw the sound of the signal toward the lake in the direction of approaching vessels, and to reduce the sound in the city. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA—NORTHERN takes AND RIVERS—NEW YORK. Bie Copus (INNER) LicHt-SraTion.—Notice is hereby given that, on or about July.6, 1895, the sixth-order fixed red light at this station, W. side of the inner en- trance to Big Sodus Bay, will be moved to and exhibited without change of characteristic from the new structure recently erected at a point about 25 feet northerly from the tower now in use, and about 20 feet, respectively, from the E. face and the S. end of the W. pier, and 1,530 feet S. 3° 45’ W. (S. 3 W.), true, from the light on the outer end of the same pier. The height of the focal plane of the light above mean lake level will be increased to 24 feet. ‘ The new structure is a white, square, pyramidal, wooden tower, surmounted by a lantern with a copper roof. ‘The hand rail around the lantern is black. By Order of the Light-House Board: — JOHN G. WALKER, Rear- Admiral, U.S. Navy, Chairman. OFFICE OF THE LIGHT-— Housk BOARD, Washington, D. C., June 28, 1895. Notice is hereby given that the Saunder’s Point Shoal 3rd class can buoy, marking the shoal making out from Saunders Point (Gladstone) Little Bay de Noquette, Mich., reported adrift, has been placed in its proper position. By order of the Light-House Board : Com. J. H: Davton, U.S. 'N., Inspector 9th L. H. Dist. r+ es ee NINETEEN steamers were launched from English shipyards in April, as against 24 in March and 11lin February. Five vessels of 11,850 tons were launched from the Wear, as against six of 14,715 in April of last year.