A The steamer Liberty has come from Green Bay to enter the trade between Duluth, Ashland ‘and Isle Royale. ‘Ashland shipments of ore last week were 96,767 tons, _and for the season 825,725 tons. The Mississippi & Northern railroad has completed its preparations for shipping ore over the Duluth & Winni- peg docks, and they will begin operations at once. Inman’s stern wheel excursion steamer Henrietta ar- rived last Thursday evening. She is a genuine river boat and used to ply the waters of Fox River in Wiscon- sin. She is broad, of light draught, and will carry 450 passengers, and will be used principally in the harbor and up the river. Local vessel interests are much encouraged over the upward tendency in freight rates. They are inclined to join their faith, however, to ore, rather than to any- thing that has developed in the grain situation. They think grain freight will be good, but believe that the rates will be forced up by the demand for ore tonnage, rather than vice versa. F. L. Gilbert has sold 1,400,000 feet of choice lumber to the Smith-Fassett Co., of Tonawanda. It was sawed at Hubbard & Vincent’s mili, and is intended for imme- diate shipment. N. G. Weston & Co., of Muskegon, who handle about 25,000,000 feet of lumber a year, have at last got into the Duluth market, effecting a purchase of 1,000,000 feet from the Merrill & Ring Co. Watson & Co.’s trade is largely with the east. They enjoy the same rail freights that are given toSaginaw. They have purchased lum- ber at Baraga and Lake Superior points before, but have never bought in Duluth. The tugs Record and Zenith had a pretty race on the lake one day last week. Both had been out after tows, and the race took place on the return trip. Capt. King, of the Record, won by about four lengths in four miles. ‘The Record now carries a broom on her house. She was built by the Globe Iron Works Company, Cleveland, and was named in honor of THE MARINE REcoRD. Like her namesake, she continues in the lead. : ee ee BAY CITY, MICH, Special Correspondence to The Marine Record, The Marine Iron Co., builders of marine and station- ary engines as well as deck hoisting engines, are meet- ing with a fair share of marine patronage this season. They have just completed extensive repairs to the en” gine of the tug George S. Brockway, of Port Huron, having put in new piston, cylinder head, entablature and crank pin. The Brockway will be engaged this season in raft towing. The firm have recently supplied deck hoisting engines to the steamers Abercorn, Metamora and Superior ; also made important repairs to the engine and working machinery of Hubbell’s No. 4 dredge. A steam windlass and capstan for the Waldo Avery has just been completed, and the ontlook for future business is said to be very satisfactory, many orders being al- ready booked. While on her trial trip Sunday the stern of the yacht Restless was slightly damaged. Repairs were made at Wheeler’s yard. The owners of the barge King, Weick recently collided with the Johnson street bridge at Saginaw, have asked this city to pay $625.40 for the damage sustained. They allege that the accident was due to a negligent bridge tender and defective machinery. Four boats have been reported by the Fessenden to the collector of customs. The A. A. Turner, the tug Louise, and fire tug Fashion were said to have incor- rect papers, but the Turner was later found to be all right. The fourth must be something more serious as the officials refuse to divulge names. The steamer Holland was fined $500 for failing to renew her papers. In a former letter published in the issue of the 13th inst. of THE RECORD, credit is given to the Marine Iron Works for building the boiler of the yacht Wahpitea. J. A. Flajole a well known manufacturer of steam specialties in this city furnished the boiler for this handsome steam yacht. ro err SANDUSKY, O Special Correspondence to The Marine Record. The tug war fever has spread to this port. One day late last week it was announced in a Cleveland paper that the schooner W. K. Moore had left for Sandusky, where she would load coal for the upper lakes. The tugs THE MARINE RECORD. SS SSS SESS SSS SSS aS SS SS SU Sis ec sn nop sgaaboenwisiessrowernstnvneernnnrowvnene- Peerless and John EK. Monk raced down the lake to meet the schooner. ‘They went all the way to Cleveland, only to find that there was no vessel bound for this port. Capts. Moore and Whetstone entered their tugs and at once took out clearances for home, minus the tow. The new schooner W. M. Comstock, just finished at Algonac, came here Monday for her first cargo. She took on coal. Carkin, Stickney & Co.’s dredge No. 12 was put at work on the government contract Monday morning, taking the place of No. 14, which is tied up at the Big Four docks by a sheriff’s attachment. A locomotive with fifteen freight cars loaded with stone got away from the engineer last Saturday, and the entire train rushed down the track into the lake. The track is ona forty foot trestle, and the fifteen loaded cars and engine dropped into water 35 feet deep. ‘The train hands jumped and were badly bruised. The en- tire outfit isthe property of ‘the Kelly Island Lime and Transportation Co., and will be raised. rrr rr PORT HURON, MICH. Special Correspondence to The Marine Record. The steamer Osceola is here, waiting for better busi- ness. The schooner Andrew Jackson had the rather unique experience, last week, of being unable to raise acrew in this port. There is a temporary scarcity of sailors here just now. The dredge at work at the foot of Lake Huron is making some great finds. A few days ago she brought up apiece of oak timber 38 feet long and 16 inches square, in an excellent state of preservation. -A short time ago the dredge brought up an iron rudder post weighing several hundred pounds. The new tug just completed by the Jenks Ship Building Company, will take her name from her owner, who thinks she will be one of the most complete harbor tugs to be found anywhere. , She is 95 feet long over all, by 18 feet beam. She has a compound engine with cylinders 18 and 36 inches, by 30 inches stroke. The boilers will carry 140 pounds of steam. She has steam controlling apparatus for the engine, and a steam steerer as well. A large fire pump has also been placed in her. : Robert Goodwin, of Sarnia, has a sail boat in the water to which he has given considerable time. He has fitted her with two new masts, a cabin, and high coam- ings, and expects to take a cruise in her soon. The steamer Mary is making twotrips a day between this port and Algonac, and is doing a good business. The fibre works are receiving large quantities of pulpwood from Canada. All the papers have been speaking of the barge John EK. Potts, which burned at Detroit, as the old schooner Bridgewater. Thisis an error. The Potts was built at Cleveland in 1856 by Moses. She measured 538 tons, and was named the Mohawk. She wasa propeller, with double high pressure engines. She ran in one of the lines,probably the Western Transit Line,and was burned and laid up for several years. The hull was then pur- chased bg J. K. Potts and John Duncan, of Oscoda, who rebuilt her. She then towed behind the steamer Olean for two years. She was then converted into a steam barge by the Detroit Dry Dock Co. and was then named the John EK. Potts, receiving the engines of the tug Music. The schooner Bridgewater was changed into a steam barge at the same time, and became the propeller Keystone, receiving one of the engines of the Olean. ED a ASHTABULA HARBOR, O. Special Correspondence to The Marine Record, Work was begun this week on the Youghoigheny coal dock, to make a firm foundation for the new car dumping machine which is to beerected there. The old planking will be torn up and new piling driven. George H. Hopper’s new yacht Florence, was launched at Driftwood, that gentleman’s summer home, last Wed- nesday. Just after her launching, a furious squall caused her to capsize, and the seven men on board had some difficulty in getting ashore. The yacht is 54 feet long by 9 feet beam, and was built by G. W. Mason, of Geneva. She was already for sea at the time of launch- ing, and steam was being raised in her boiler when the accident occurred. Captain John P. Devney went up from this port next day with the tugs John P. Gordon and Will and Harry, and by means of two lighters and a heavy chain soon had her raised and pumped out. She was then brought to Ashtabula. She is a beautiful yacht, handsomely finished in oak. She is at Devney’s slip, being repaired. The oo are to the cabin, and are not heavy. Carkin, Stickney & Cram’s big dredge, No. 14, which is working here, was attached ina suit against the own- ers for about $30,000. As the dredge cleared a handsome sum for its owners last season, there will probably be little difficulty about the payment of the bill, if there is dispute over it. A bursting steampipe early Saturday morning dam- aged the house of the tug William D. to some extent. The crew were not in that part of the tug at the time and escaped uninjured. The McKinion Iron Works made repairs without delay. The big steamer Centurion, which was in port Friday, carried a wedding party from Bay City—Mr. and Mrs. 2 Charles Strever. The bride is a niece of Hon. F. W. Wheeler, and other members of the party were Mrs. Wheeler, Master Frank Wheeler, Mr. Irwin, and Mr. Reeves of Bay City, and Mrs. Durant, of Kast Saginaw. Sunday morning as the Menominee steamer Grecian was entering this port with ore from Escanaba, an ob- struction in the main river pierced her forward compart- ment which filled with water, and she settled on the bottom. The obstruction is supposed to be a rock lying in the river bed near the King portable machines. The -steamer will go to the Globe dry dock in levies for repairs. $0 > MILWAUKEE, WIS. Special Correspondence to The Marine Record, Paul Huebner’s famous egg-shaped life boat Rescuer reached Milwaukee from Detroit last week. The direc- tors of the Continental Lifeboat Company will pay all the expenses of her trip. Two sizes of the boats will be built, the larger ones to be used at life-saving stations, and to be propelled by gasoline engines, The smaller size is to be used by steamers, and will be propelled by hand power ina similar manner to which the old-fashioned handcars are operated. The stockholders are George Niemiller, president; Conrad Cassel, vice president. A. A. Schilk, secretary; Bernard Huebner, treasurer. The Rescuer cost $4,000 and will carry 34 people. The schooner Oneida has been having her bottom calked at the west yard. The steamer Westover has been getting a large new boiler at the derricks of the south yards. ‘The matter of a new boiler was decided on last winter. er are — The Elements of Navigatoon appeals to a special but not a small class, and appears seasonably. It is a small and compact volume. Its purposeis to explain in a clear, concise and comprehensive manner the various pro- cesses employed in ascertaining the position of a ship at sea and determining the correct course to be steered. The book assumes that the reader knows nothing about navigation, and that he is not acquainted with mathe- matics beyond arithmetic. No further knowledge of mathematics is necessary for the mastery of the practi- cal navigation explained in this book. Itis purely a working book of instruction, yet the meaning of the different processes is made clear, so that the student will know the reason for each step. ‘This book covers the entire subject. No other small or elementary work does so, or if we may qualify the subject very few does. It begins with a complete explanation of the compass, variation and deviation, and the methods of correcting courses. The log and lead are treated, and the best methods of employing them in thick weather are set forth. Dead-reckoning is then taken up and rationally explained. That portion of the book which deals with navigation by observation contains only those workings which are of actual use at sea. Latitude by meridian and ex-meridian altitudes of the sun, moon, planets, and fixed stars is explained. The student is then told how to take chronometer sights of the celestial bodies for longitude. The theory, meaning and practice of Sumner’s method is lucidly explained. A special point is made of showing the learner how to use the naviga- tion tables and the nautical almanac, parts of which are reproduced for this purpose. Chapters on keeping log-books, use of danger angles, caring for and rating chronometers, and allowing for tides are also given. The book is illustrated with explanatory diagrams, problems worked out in full, and examples for practice.