LUXURY ON PASSENGER LINES. Every year finds some improvement necessary in the interior arrangements of passenger steamers in order to bring them up to the modern requirements of the pas- senger trade. Nobody realizes this more than does General Manager T. EF.) Newman, of the Cleveland’& Buffalo Transit Co., and he is sparing no pains to ‘utilize and arrange the space in his new steamer now building by the Detroit Dry-Dock Co., at Wyandotte, to the best advantage of the passengers, and consequently, the line itself. While the form of the steamer does not permit of more than the number of staterooms which would ordinarily be allotted to a boat of her dimensions, yet her greater width as compared with sidé-wheel steamers already built, allows of increasing the size of the stateroomis, which is always a desirable feature. The parlors in the new steamer will not be aft of all the state-rooms, but there will be an ordinary stateroom aft, on each side. Just forward of this will be two parlors on each side, with a bathroom between, which will be so arranged as to be attached to either of the parlors. The after stateroom is also connected by a door with the after parlor, and the two can be connected if it is desirable. In this waya suit of rooms can be se- cured which will be tnsurpassed for practical luxury. Mr. Newman is enthusiastic over the beauty and possi- bilities of the modern plumbing, and the steamer in that respect will probably be a marvel. The service of the Cleveland & Buffalo boats require ample dining room space, and Mr. Newman and Mr. Kirby, of the dry-dock company, put their heads together and have evolved a great plan. On the lake side- wheelers the cabin space aft of the clerk’s and steward’s offices has been used as a sitting room for such passen- gers as had no staterooms. By moving the after bulk- head still further astern and cutting an opening in the middle of the deck, it has been arranged that the descent to the dining room shall be from this main deck cabin, entrance to which is had on either side of the dining room companionway, which is protected by a handsome _ balustrade. The stairway will divide and the dining room be reached on either side, the cashier’s desk being located between the two flights of stairs, as on the Northern Line steamships. This shows, on entering, the full expanse of the large dining room. In case ofan overflow, or of a private party, the main deck cabin can easily be utilized, and to make the arrangement still more convenient, private dining rooms 10 x 12 feet will be constructed just back of the clerk’s and steward’s offices, for the convenience of small parties. The old system of locking staterooms will be dispensed with, and instead of the key remaining in the custody of the holder of the lower berth, small latch locks with steel keys will be placed on the doors and both occupants will be furnished keys. Thecatches usually fitted to these locks will be dispensed with, sothat the stateroom door will be certain to lock automatically whenever it is closed, This will prevent much annoyance and some thefts. THE NEW DREXEL YACHT. The Alcedo, the new Boston-built steam-yacht of G. W. C. Drexel, of the Philadelphia Ledger, was given a trial trip last week. On board, besides the representa- tives of the owners, were Messrs. Waterhouse and Cheeseborough, designers of the yacht; Mr. Thomas Hibbard, of the George Lawley & Son Corporation, the builders; Mr. F. O. Wellington, of the Ford River Engine Co. The performance of the yacht was in every way satisfactory to owners and builders, and gave every indication that she would easily make the re- quired speed of 14 knots per hour. The Alcedo is flush decked, and is 124 feet long over all and 102 feet on the water line, by 16 feet 2 inches beam and 6 feet 6 inches draft. She is of composite construction with steel frames and hard pine planking. Four steel bulkheads divide the yacht into five water- tight compartments. The cabin accommodations are roomy and convenient. Most of the finish is jin mahogany. The machinery consists of an Almy boiler, manufact- ured by the Almy Water Tube Boiler Co., of Providence, R. I. It furnishes steam to a triple expansion engine with cylinders 10,15 and 25 inches in diameter, by 13 inches stroke. The circulating air feed and bilge pumps are independent. The yacht is lighted through- THE MARINE RECORD + * out by electricity, and is furnished with an. auxiliary storage battery for use when it is necesSary to shit down the dynamo, ‘The coal bunker capacity is 18 tons: “SAULT CANAL MACHINERY. The gate machinery of the new St. Mary’s Falls canal lock is “already in place, and the minor apparatus is being rapidly fitted in. Besides the six machines which will be used in opening and closing the gates, the oper- ating plant consists of twelve engines for opening and closing the valves, and two hydraulic pumps, with their accumulators and piping. There is one gate machine for each leaf of the work- ing gates, which are styled the upper, intermediate and lower gates. Kach machine consists of two three-cylin- der, single-acting hydraulic engines on one shaft. These engines drive asix-foot drum, on which the cables are wound. The working parts are of the finest steel, with bear- ings of bronze. EKach machine weighs about ten tons, and stands about five feet high. Six of the valve en- gines are at the upper and six at the lower end of. the lock. They are direct-acting, horizontal cylinders, and move the valve by connecting rods which run from the crossheads to the valves. These engines are operated by vertical valves placed on the top of the south wall, which are connected with them in such a way that each valve controls two engines. ‘The valves are 8 x 10 feet, of the best wrought steel, and are carried on solid steel trunions, 10 inches in diameter. They are three inches thick on the.edges and sixteen inches in the middle, When they afé swung open there is an effective passage of 64 square feet? A hydraulic capstan on the south side, at the upper-end, and another at the lower end will be used in assisting vessels through the lock. They are driven by three single-acting, oscillating hydraulic en- gines, and each can exert a power of 19,000 pounds on an ordinary line. * : In the basement of the power-house will be located two 30-h6rse power turbines, which will drive three 3-plunger, sitigle-acting high-pressure pumps, which will deliver pressure fluid to loaded accumulators, where it will be stered under a pressure of 300 to 500 pounds per square ifich, ready for use and delivered to the en- gines as required. The exhaust or discharge from the engines will be returned to the accumulators. The pressure fluid will probably bea limpid mineral oil, and . will be used during the entire season. The presént lock uses water pressure in summer, and oil during cold weather. The operating machinery was built by the Variety Iron Works, of Cleveland, from designs furnished by Engineer F. M. Dunlap, who also superintended its con- struction. It varies much from anything in present use, and represents a combination of hoisting machinery with the best English hydraulic practice. The pumps were built by the Southwark Foundry and Machine Co., of Philadelphia, the engines by the Westinghouse EKn- gine Co., Pittsburg, and the boilers by the Babcock & Wilcox Co., New York. There are three of the Westing- house engines, of compound type, and 350 horse-power each, and it is estimated that the pumps can empty the lock, when necessary, in six or seven hours. e Sa ee —e RAFTING LEGISLATION. President Livingstone, General Counsel Goulder, and Secretary Keep, of the Lake Carrier’s Association, after careful consultation at Detroit last week, decided that the rafting bill which passed the House of Representa- tives last summer, and which was nullified by a Senate amendment surreptitiously introduced, could not be im- proved upon in its original shape, and efforts will be made to have it enacted without amendment, during the coming winter. The bill provided that rafts in the lower lakes should not be over 1,200 feet long and 100 feet wide, and the rafts passing through the Sault not more than 600 feet long by60 feet wide. The bill, as amended last year, was pigeon-holed at the request of the Lake Carriers, who preferred no legislation at all to the distorted specimen which came so nearly being en- acted. 0 NOTICE TO MARINERS. DUNKIRK PIERHEAD LIGHT. Notice is given by order of the Light-House Board that on or about August 15, 1895, the color of the sixth-order fixed light, on the easterly end of the pier, SW side of the entrance to Dunkirk Harbor will be changed from white to red. TESTING ORE HO!ISTS. © The King Iron Bridge Co. has just finished the erec- tion of an eight-leg ore hoist on the P., Y. & A. dock at Ashtabula, and some tests are being made this week. The machine is not an experiment, as.a machine of two legs was put up two years ago at Conneaut ; but several improvements in the working parts wave. since been _made, although the principle involved is the same. The rigs resemble‘ greatly those of the Brown ore hoists at a little distance. A boom, or apron, is let down over the vessel; there is about 180 feet of span between the supports of the elevated track, and about 88 feet overhang at the rear. There is an upper and a lower track, however, the rails being placed very ¢losely together, upon which travels a carriage with heavily flanged wheels. An endless cable passes over sheaves on the upper and lower track, passing, of course, through a pulley in the part to which the bucket is hung, and also passing around a drum in the engine room. On the upper track the endless cable passes around a sheave that rides upon a carriage to which is attached another cable, the end of which is wound round a separate drum. By running this carriage up or down on the upper track, the working portion of the endless cable is lengthened or shortened, as the case may require, and the effect is that the bucket does not need to be hoisted to the full height before the conveying begins, but the hoisting and conveying can both be carried on at once, which will greatly facilitate the handling of ore. The ability of the machine to raise and lower the bucket while the conveyor is in motion gives great advantage to a skillful operator, and this is set forth as its chief merit. nena FLOTSAM AND JETSAM. ~ Sault water, Aug. 1, 8 a. m., 14 feet, 4 inches. Two dredges are deepening the river at the new ore hoists in Lorain. More wreckage and freight srom the Chicora has been washed up near St. Joseph. It is now guessed that the Canadian Sault, canal will ‘be open before September 1. Oswego business nen areconsidering ways and means to induce a freight boat line to stop at that. port. President Cleveland now has a new steam! launch, 35 feet long by 9 feet beam, to use in his fishing excursions, The revenue cutters are watching very closely for boats which are carrying passengers without PEQDES licenses. The old whaler Progress, which was brought to the lakes for the World’s Fair, at a large cost, has been sold for $300, and is being broken up for junk. Andrew Shaw, lightkeeper at Point aux Barques for 35 years, has resigned. He is 71 years of age and will spend the rest of his days on his 300-acre farm. Cornwall canal contractors are busily repairing the (damage done by the barge Kildonan last Saturday. The Glenora is still stuck, but will be floated soon. Reports have gotten circulation that oil was being used on the Canadian steamers Majestic and Alberta, their respective owners have forbidden the cantalae to doany more racing. The Valkyrie III, will have a set of steel spars, which are considerably lighter than pine. The mast is 105 feet over all, and 22 inches in diameter at the base. ave Defender hasan aluminum topmast. _ Mr. E. C. Deane, editor and owner of the Racine Taily Journal, has been appointed by the Governor of Wis- consin to represent that state at the deep waterways con- vention in Cleveland in September. The wages of men at Wheeler & Co.’s shipyard, West Bay City, have been increased 10 per cent. in all depart- ments, except the riveters, who recently received an in- crease, and will get another advance on the next boat. Allen Parnell, a member of Rochester division, New York Naval Reserve, got seasick and fell overboard from the steamer Bon Voyage last Thursday night, while on his way to join his company in camp. He was drowned. The new dry-dock at Southampton, which is the lar- gest in the world, has a floor length of 750 feet, and is . 112 feet wide at the top and 87% feet wide on the bottom, The with at the entrance is 91 feet, and the depth from top to floor is 41 feet. $13.50, Boston and return via C. & B. Line Daily Steamers to Buffalo, Tickets. on sale August 19th to 25th. For further particulars call on or ad- dress W. F. Herman, G, P, A., 187 River street, Cleveland, O.