Maritime History of the Great Lakes

Marine Record (Cleveland, OH), August 8, 1895, p. 3

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‘above. $2.00 PER YEAR. ESTABLISHED 1878. 10c. SINGLE COPY. VOL. XVIII. CLEVELAND, OHIO, AUGUST 8, 1895. NO. 32 A NEW DETROIT STEAM-YACHT. The steel steam-yacht Cynthia was launched last Sat- urday at the yard of the Detroit Boat Works, which built her for Mr. M. B. Mills, of Detroit. The yacht stuck on the ways and in the mud, but was not injured, and a tug pulled her into déep water. She was christ- ened by Mr. Mills’ sister, Mrs. W.H. M. Smith, in honor of their mother. The Cynthia, when completed, will represent an out- lay of $75,000. Her lines are clean and sharp, and her interior furnishes every comfort, reflecting great credit tipon her designer, Mr. Fred W. Ballin. She is 132 feet long over all, 110 feet on the water line, with 17% feet beam, and 8feet 9 inches molded depth. She will be schooner rigged, with clipper bow, is built flush-decked, with metal bulwarks one foot high, and netted’ taffrail The hull is of the best quality open hearth steel with three water-tight bulkheads, one at the bow, and one forward and one aft of the machinery. Her triple ex- pansion engine measures 10, 16 and 26 inches diameter. Her boilers are of an improved water-tube type. She has full equipment of surface condenser, air and circu- lating puinps, boiler feed pumps, blower engines, and electric lighting plant. She is expected to make 18 miles an hour. A large deck-house forward will contain a dining room and asmoking room. Below there is a large saloon, both being finished with the greatest care. There are a number of well furnished staterooms, and a very com- plete steward’s department. She will be ready for use in time for Mr. Mills and his friends to make one long lake cruise this season. $$ rr 0 rr ROBERTS BOILERS IN THE UNIQUE. The two Roberts safety water tube boilers which will be placed in the Unique are to be completed and shipped to the lakes by October 1. They are of the same size as the tubulous boilers of two previous makes which have been tried in this boat and taken out. The boilers are being built to suit the space in the boat, and they are expected to furnish 1,000 horse power ;to the quad- ruple expansion engines of the Unique. Itis stated that Mr. McElroy has always wanted to place the Roberts boilers in the Unique, but has been overruled by other stockholders. ‘The Roberts Co. has uniformly declined to put up forfeit money, or to resort to other such expe- dients to secure a contract, and these boilers were sold with no string attached save that the owners of the Unique were at liberty to return the boilers if they failed to prove satisfactory. ———— OD SE NAVAL EXHIBITION AT KIEL. Kiel is to have another international naval exhibition, This will be held from May 25 to Sept. 30, 1896. Report- ing upon this matter, Consul Robertson, located at Ham- burg; says: ‘The grounds chosen for the exhibition are beautifully situated along the shore of the bay of Kiel, and with a splendid view of the harbor of Kiel. They close to the eastern entrance of the newly opened canal, measure about 350,000 square meters. Large exhibition buildings and small pavilions will be erected, as well as open and half-covered galleries. The naval exhibition is to comprise all articles in any way connected with the navy or shipping in general, as well on the seas as on rivers or canals. It is also to give a complete historical review of the development and progress made in ship- building and its kindred industries. The waters of the harbor of Kiel offer excellent opportunity for showing steain or electric launches, sailing yachts, rowing boats, etc. ‘The official programme will be ready in September next.’? The naval exhibition will be given in connection with an industrial exposition of the province of Schleswig-Holstein. TT a SECRETARY CARLISLE ON THE LAKES, Secretary John G. Carlisle, of the Treasury Depart- ment, and party left Chicago Saturday for a lake cruise. They embarked on the United States lighthouse steamer Amaranth, which is in charge of Commander W. W. Meade during thetrip. The steamer left direct for lake Superior, and will then come down Lakes Huron and Erie, probably stopping at Cleveland to see what has been done on the lighthouse tender John G. Carlisle, on which construction has begun at the Globe yard. Little will be seen of her in the yard, however, for the work done so far is largely inside preparatory work. ‘The Amaranth may goto Lake Ontario, in which case the Secretary will disembark at Ogdensburg, ED ee A DANGEROUS WEAPON. In experiments recently carried on at the naval school at Newport, a Lay torpedo boat thirty feet long was provided, and in it placed two-cats, two pigeons and two rabbits. This was submerged fifteen feet in water fifty feet deep. A small torpedo containing seventy pounds gun cotton was then submerged to an equal depth 450 feet distant and exploded. Upon examining the place where the torpedo boat had been, large bub- bles of air were found issuing to the surface, showing that that it had been destroyed and was sinking. It was estimated that the boat would stand a pressure of eighty pounds per square inch surface. Such results are hardly encouraging to those who, in time of war, are expected to go! inside a torpedo boat, and place torpedoes under an enemy’s ship. A premature explo- sion running into torpedoes which the enemy may have -set out to guard his line or failure to get away before the: explosion of torpedoes sent against the enemy’s ship, would mean the death of all on board. oD OD a NEWLY ENROLLED TONNAGE. Following isa list of lake vessels to which official numbers and signal letters have been assigned by the Commissioner of Navigation, for the week ended July 27: TONNAGE. Official Rig, Name. ——_— —_+—.| Home Port. | Where Built. No, Gross, | Net. 127,100 |St. s, | Cambria re o4,16| Milwaukee. | Oshkosh. 96.323 | ‘| Geo, Farwell] 750.86} 599.40] Detroit, Marine City. 20,610 | °“* Quéen Anne 14.53) 9.88) Detroit. Detroit, Chicago. ise | 161,758 | sf | Victory 3,774.90) 3,339.90) Cleveland. | | | PROPELLED BY THE WAVES. A strange craft devised by a San Francisco man is now afloat in San Francisco Bay. ‘The remarkable feature of the thing is that it is designed to make the water on which it floats do double duty, both that of buoying it up and that of propelling it. Other means of progress it has none. The contrivance is not unlike a dredge in appearance. As it goes along the paddle wheels at the sides plash the water and various cranks and bars and shafts aloft move rhythmically. The boat is a wave motor, and is designed as a perpetual motion boat, although the pos- sibility of a dead calm has apparently not been taken into consideration. Two flat bottomed scows are fast- ened end on by a huge hinge from the boat. When the scows rock in the waves the force of their rocking is communicated to a lever which moves a fly wheel, which in turn moves the paddle wheels, and there you are. So long as the waves endure the boat goes, and the higher the waves rise the greater the motive power of the boat. There was one disadvantage about the thing as origin- ally devised; it wouldn’t stop. Like the famous cork leg, it went on and on and on, and the only way to hold it was by an anchor. So the inventor contrived a way to switch the wave motor power to vacancy and reduce the motion to a simple rocking on the waves. He pro- poses to make a third use of the power, namely, to fur- nish power for other machines when at the wharf. A trial of this will be made later, the boat having suffi- ciently demonstrated its capacity of wave propulsion. The inventor of the boat is Paul Breitenstein, stage carpenter in the McDonough Theater, at Oakland. His nautical experience thus far has been mostly confined to one-sided boats which toss furiously on seas of can- vas, while a loose-haired heroine balances gracefully in the bow and shrieks wildly for aid, which is the hero’s cue’ to appear on a pier providentially interposed and lasso her into safety with a towrope. Nevertheless, the carpenter had so much confidence in his ability to handle real water problems that he expended $600 on his invention before it was finally floated in Oakland Creek. Now he believes he has a great thing, and says that nothing short of a good five-figured sum would buy the fruit of his brain. EE Be SUICIDE OF A BRAVE OLD SALT. China’s fleet is nowathing of the past, and many gallant men have perished with it, striving vainly to save their country’s credit, with fate against them, and handicapped by corruption, treachery, and incom- petence on shore. Chief among those who have died for their country is Admiral Ting Ju Chang, a gallant soldier and true gentleman. Betrayed by his country- men, fighting against odds, almost his last official act was to stipulate for the lives of his officers and men. His own he scorned to save, well knowing that his un- grateful country would prove less merciful than his hon- orable foe. Bitter, indeed, must have been the reflec- tions of the old wounded hero, in that midnight hour, as he drank the poisoned cup that was to give him rest.— ‘“‘'The Battle of the Yalu,’’ by Commander McGiffin of the Chen Yuen, in the August Century.

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