Maritime History of the Great Lakes

Marine Record (Cleveland, OH), August 15, 1895, p. 3

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\ $2.00 PER YEAR. ESTABLISHED 1878. 10c. SINGLE COPY. VOL. XVIII. CLEVELAND, OHIO, AUGUST 15, 1895. NO. 33 Lake Carriers’ ASSOCIATION. To consider and take action upon all general questions relating to the navigation and carrying business of the Great Lakes, maintain necessary shipping offices and in general to protect the common interest of Lake Car- riers,and im rove the character of the Service rendered to the public. PRESIDENT. Wititam LivinGsTone, - Detroit, Mich. SECRETARY. 4 Cuartes H. Kesp, - - Buffalo, N, Y. TREASURER, GrorcE P: McKay, - - Cleveland, O. COUNSEL. Harvey D. Gou.per, - Cleveland, O. VICE PRESIDENTS. yas Grtcurisr, Cleveland. © THos. CRANAGE, Bay City. A. A, PARKER, Detroit. W. S. BRAINARD, Toledo. S, D. CaLpwett, Buffalo. E. D. Carrsr, [o Btis, Witry M. Eean, Chicago. J.C. RickETson, Milwaukee. F, N. LASAttg, Duluth. ¥. J. Firtu, Philadelphia. EXECUTIVE AND FINANCE COMMITTEE, H. M. Hanna,, Cleveland, Ohio. a & Whitney, Detroit, Mich H. H. Brown, Cleveland, Ohio. P. Henry, Buffalo, N. Y. He: Corrigan, | Cleveland, Ohio. & ae Ro Brown, Buffa o, N. Y. . A. Hawgood, Cleveland, Ohio. avid Vance, Milwaukee, Wis. Thomas Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio. “ R P. Fitzgerald, Milwaukee, Wis. M. A. Bradley, Cleveland, Ohio. John G. Keith, Chicago, Ill. . C. Gilchrisf, Cleveland, Ohio. J. S. Dunham, Chicago, Til. M. Peck, Detroit, Mich. COMMITTEE ON AIDS TO NAVIGATION: W.C. Richardson, Cleveland. Ohio. W.M. Egan, Chicago, lll. George P. McKay, Cleveland, Ohio. Frank Owen, Ogdensburg, N. Y. H. G. Dalton, Cleveland, Ohio. A. W. Colton, Toledo, Ohio, B.L, Pennington, Cleveland, Ohio. James Davidson, Bay City, Mich. Thomas Wilson, Cleveland, Ohio. Alvin Neal, Port Huron, Mich, ohn W Moore,’ Cleveland, Ohio. M. M. Drake, Buffalo, N. Y. V.S, Mack, Cleveland, Ohio. W. Bullard, Buffalo, N, Y. David C. Carter, Detroit, Mich, . COMMITTEE ON LEGISLATION: S. D. Caldwell, Buffalo, N. Y. Jone Corrigan, Cleveland, Ohio. James Ash, Buffalo, N. Y. m. Livingstone, Detroit, Mich. E. T Evans, Buffalo, N.Y. James Millen, Detroit, Mich. P,P. Miller, Buffalo, N. ¥Y, Jesse Spaulding, Chicago, Ill. Saks Gordon, Buffalo, N. y. > A. Eddy, Bay City, Mich. ‘W. Bullard, Buffalo, N. Y. Alex. McDougall, Duluth, Minn. . Edward Smith, Buffalo, N. Y. F, J. Firth, Philadelphia, Pa. H. M. Hanna, Cleveland, Ohio. NEWLY ENROLLED TONNAGE. Following isa list of lake vessels to which: official numbers and signal letters have been assigned by the Commissioner of Navigation, for the week ended Auc. 3. . TONNAGE. | Once! Rig, Name. 3 = | Home Port. | Where Built. °. ross. et. ,324|St. y-s|Gips' 17.53} 14.70|Chicago Chicago ee Sts. ty Aan 21.09 14 34|Grand Haven Charlevoix 116,688)“ Skeings Nol! 1,941.90] 1 320.60|/Toledo Toledo 34,242| Bge |C.S.B .CoNol) 133 19| 125.64|Cleveland | Cleveland 34,243 iad nd No 2) 133.19} 125 54 36 a 34.244) ** *© No 3} 133.19} 125.54 f < 34,245). -** Ss No 4 183.19} 125 54 e *s 34,246) “ a No 5 133.19} 125.54 a a : 67,313] ‘* |No.1 W.& M 1,544 78) 1 463.13} Chicago -|W, Bay City | } re THE three books of “Sailing Directions,” published by the Hydrographic Office, covering Lake Superior and St. Mary’s River, Lake Michigan and the Straits of Mackinac and Lake Huron and Lake St. Clair with Detroit and St. Clair Rivers, can be had at the office of THE MARINE RECORD, 144 Superior street, Cleveland. Price, $1.00 each.. COLONEL ABBOTT RETIRED. By virtue of having reached his 64th birthday, Col. Henry l.. Abbott, Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., retires according to law. Col. Abbott was a division engineer, and had charge of the northeast division, which includes all river and harbor work, fortifications, and light- house building in New England and New York. He was a membér of the board of engineers, board of fortifica- tions, and also tipon the especial board of engineers to consider and report upon the harbor lines for New York. These positions will probably not all be again filled by the saine man, for Col. Abbott’s attainments as an en- gineer rendered him particularly available for these im- portant positions. Col. Abbott was the last member of the engineer corps to be brevetted a brigadier-general. He has a splendid war record, and since the war has been connected with the most important engineering works of the army. Asa result of Col. Abbott’s retirement, Lieutenant Colonel Peter C. Haines will be promoted to be colonel. He is now engineer of the southeast division.. Major William Ludlow, well-known onthe lakes, where he was for a number of years a light-house engineer, is promot- ed to a lieutenant colonelcy. He is military attache at the court of St. James, and has recently returned from Nicaragua, where he went as a member of the govern- ment commission to survey and report upon the route of the proposed canal. __ EEE — -A VALUABLE CHART. The latest publication of the Hydrographic Office is a chart of Lakes Erie and Ontario, with the southern part of Lake Huron and Georgian Bay, all of Saginaw Bay and Lake St. Clair, and the St. Clair and Detroit Rivers and Welland Canal. The chart, while of very convenient size, is also a very complete map of the country surrounding the lakes. The soundings and heights are uniformly printed, in fact all figures being from the very latest data. The chart is about the size of the old navigation charts, none of which showed more than one lake, and often only a section of the larger lakes. ‘The reduction in scale, however, seems no bar to accuracy. The lights are marked in colors, and light and fog signals are described by abbreviations and signs fully explained on the border of the chart. This chart, as well as all the others of the Hydrographic Office issue, are on sale at THE MARINE RECORD office, No. 144 Superior street, | at 75 cents each for the lake charts, the price fixed by the government. Charts of Cleveland and Erie harbors will soon be issued by the Hydrographic Office. EEE OD = MOTOR FOR SMALL BOATS. C. D. Wright, of Englewood, Chicago, has an electric motor for the propulsion of small boats. It is portable and easily attached to the boat, and consists of a bent nickel-plated tube about six feet long, to one end of which is attached a propeller wheel of two blades, each blade being about six inches long by two inches wide. The tube is attached to a plate after the latter has been screwed into the gunwale of the boat at the stern. An electric motor is then attached to the upper end of the tube and connected with a storage battery. A wooden handle projecting from the upper end of the bent tube ~ is used to steer with, the machine being propeller and rudder in one. Mr. Wright says the cost of charging a battery with power sufficient to propel an ordinary row- boat is £0 cents. All that is necessary to charge his battery is sulphuric acid and water, which may be taken aloug ina jug. The rig, as will be seen, is easily at- tachable to any boat. ELLE ee A BROKER’S MISTAKE. A Chicago commission broker sent out a statement to lake ports last week, which gained very general : cir- culation, to the effect that insurance would no longer be written on vessels rated A2%4, and that they were prac- tically. shut out of the trade; that it was difficult’ to cover vessels rated A2, and that after September they would have to engage in something else than the grain trade. Inquiry among the more prominent insurance men elicits the statement that the Chicago commission broker is evidently not posted, and that any alarm which his letters may have caused some owners of low grade tonnage, is groundless. Underwriters state that Toledo and Detroit shippers of grain will load A2 and A2™% vessels just the same this year as last, and will continue todo so right along to the close of navigation, and they will have no difficulty in placing the insurance on the cargoes, as they have perfect facilities with the largest lake companies. Chicago shippers fully under- © stand that they can insure any cargo they may load for its full value under the most liberal form of policy, at rates no higher than have beén paid for years. ‘If the Chicago commission broker is not fully aware,’’ says a well-known underwriter, ‘‘that no difficulty need present itself at any time to fully protect any cargo, irrespective of class, he is single in his position.”’ ED ee ee COMMERCIAL QUESTION COMES IN. The Carnegie Steel Co., of Pittsburg, is not enthusi- astic over the alleged discovery by three steel workers of the lost art of welding copper toiron or steel. George Cromley, Cornelius Shay and John Ryan have submitted samples of their work to the Carnegie Co., but they have not proven that the welding can be done upon a commercial basis so as to make it profitable. Chairman Leishman, of the Carnegie Co., stated Monday that the company had not taken up the mattervand that no ex- periments would be made at their mills. Asa matter of fact, copper-lined plate would only be of use on salt water, and then it would be available only if manufact- ‘ured at a price that would warrant shipbuilders in using it upon merchant ships. As for covering armor plates with copper, Mr. Leishman stated that such a thing would never be done. It would only be of use in pre- venting corrosion and there is so little of the armor plate below the waterline that the copper would be un- necessary. Mr. Leishman also denied that the company had offered the men a fixed price for their discovery.

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