Maritime History of the Great Lakes

Marine Record (Cleveland, OH), August 15, 1895, p. 8

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RE: Ae TEASE RES OES ENON a THE MARINE RECORD ESTABLISHED 1878: PusLisHEp Every ‘THURSDAY, AT 144 SupERIOR S7., (LZADER BUILDING), CLEVELAND, O. IRVING B, SMITH, PROPRIETORS ~ CAPT. JOHN-SWAINSON, BRANOH OFFICE: Se IRL; 238 Lake Street. THOMAS WILLIAMS, Associate Editor. SUBSCRIPTION. One copy, one year, postage paid, . ‘ é $2 00 ais copy, one year, to foreign countries, ’. $3 00 . Invariably in advance. ADVERTISING. Rates given on application. _ Entered at Cleveland Post Office as Second-class Mail Matter. CLEVELAND, O., AUGUST 15, 1895. ee "THE pioneer steel canal fleet reached Buffalo safely, after as good a run as could be expected, with fine weather. Their trip through the canal will, of course, be rather tedious, but the management seems to have every reason to be satisfied with their venture. ‘The next steamer to be built will have more power, and the barges _ will carry some sail. Wea aie aaa Ae gee a Eg _ Many people, it is said, seem to consider the. moral code as intended for everybody but themselves. There are a few masters who lie open to similar charges. The nayigation laws are compiled on the basis that each reg- ulation shall always be observed asa matter of habit, and _ faithful observance of such requirements.should be con- sidered one of the best evidences of goed seamanship, on fresh as well as salt. water. ee DHE executive officers of the Lake Carriers’ Associa- --tiomare on the point of preparing a list of the more im- _ portant aids to navigation, which are all the more needed in these days of low water. It seems to be the desire of the board of managers to press their claims upon Congress -very soon after it assembles in December, and to do steady work from that time until the latter part of Jan- uary: Their ideain this is to do as much as possible while Mr. William Livingstone remains in the president's chair, as-his wide acquaintance and high standing in the estimation of important figures in’ both legislative bodies is an amount of influence which the managers of the association feel that they can ill afford to: lose. Some of the more prominent members aver that’ Mr. Livingstone was placed in the executive chair a yeartoo soon, and they seem more than ever disposed to rebel against the tern understanding which limits the presidency to one erm. ee ee a _ Iris refreshing to note that a United States Court has inaugurated a departure from the old established rule of dividing equally the damages in marine collision cases, when both boats were found to be at fault. In nearly every collision case the master of one vessel is found al- most wholly to blame, the other being censured for only clinging closely to what he believed to be his rights in time of imminent danger, and forgetting that general rule which provides that masters shall, in cases of imminent collision, do each what he can to keep clear, regardless of rules already prescribed. For instance, a schooner has been known to be assessed half the damages in a collision case against asteamer, where the only fault found with the sailing vessel by the court was that she had exercised her well defined right to remain on her course, when it was possible (although by no means proven) that she might have avoided collision by getting out of the steamer’s way. When the balance of fault has been shown to be so clearly against one boat, it is usually a source of great astonishment to the uninitiated master - or owner of the libelant craft to find himself assessed half the damages, and he innocently wonders if the court has gone daft. Surely this sort of finding is as far from equity as it is from common sense, and it is to be hoped that the lead given in the case of the Vietory vs. the Ply- mothian, U.S. Cirenit Court of Appeals, fourth circuit, will find a ready following. THE MARINE RECORD. SSS im botvems te sench ana sands SHIP/BUILDING AND REPAIRS, THE comparison between the Scotch and tubulous types of boiler which will be made on the new steamships Victory and Zenith City, will be the event of the autumn. It will be watched with interest by all owners of the larger class of tonnage, who will undoubtedly carefully preserve all the data secured by the tests, and not content with that, will waitito see what results the great tester, time, will bring out. The matter of speed, fuel con- sumption, number of firemen employed, and difference in carrying capacity of the two boats, as indicated by the difference in weight of the respective boilers of the two boats under actual working conditions, are the most im- portant points to be evolved. ——$—$— $e ea THE FREIGHT SITUATION. The week in freight circles has been marked by an advance to 35c in the Lake Superior coal rate, and an advance on grain, from Chicago to Buffalo, to 25c on wheat and 2%c oncorn. The Duluth rate has also ad- vanced, and is now 2%c to Buffalo. The September rate is 3c,and probably half a million bushels have been placed at that figure. One or two shippers are refusing this rate in anticipation of something better within two weeks. The Duluth-Kingston rate for current shipment is 334c. Duluth lumber freights are $1.75 to gue to Lake Erie, and $1.87% to $2.00 to Chicago. © These advances have had the effect of taking some sof the boats out of the ore trade to the extent that they are loading ore and lumber for Chicago, and then \taking grain to Buffalo, loading coal back to Lake Superior, which, of course, consumes much more time than re- turning light from Chicago. Coal receipts at the head of Lake Superior up to last Saturday have been 8,076,- 523 tons, or 50 per cent more than had gone up a year ago. ‘This increase is in bituminous coal, for anthra- cite shipments have fallen off. ‘Following was the visible supply of grain at Chicago August 10: Wheat, 37,839,000 bushels; corn, 4,613,000; oats, 3,925,000; rye, 254,000; barley, 44,000. Following isa statement showing the stock of grain in store in public elevators at Duluth for the week ended Saturday, August 10, 1895: Ja : - Bushels, Noss Dirards whteate coats. .tes ces seeeen Pia eee et 3,963,567 No.1 Northern dpe Na neh cok eee «. 1,245 586 No. 2 Nor hern wheat,, : ‘ .. 293 847 No. 3 spring wheat,..,...... woe T2118 No. grade spring wheat : None Rejected and Condemned wheat. .........0... ce cecsevceesse cence 39,845 Speéctaltbin- wheats. eciscsercccuctacda she binsueme ens eors ee re 196,934 Aggregate, ... mvuia\mias aauatele Sewn ctaroae lipo Pines . 5,811 802 Wheat in store at Minneapolis. SEPARA CSET rice eacicwren aS 6,964,879 The ore companies are paying advances in a number of cases and the miners are returning to work as in- dividuals, the old pay rolls have been destroyed. Ship- ments of ore will probably,reach the normal within a week or so. rrr 0 eo ier OBITUARY. J. R. IRWIN. _ The lakes ae lost a popular and prominent man in sh person of Mr. J. R. Irwin, who was manager of the coal and ore docks at Fairport for the past ten years, and who died last Tuesday morning at his home in Paines- ville, as the result of a stroke of apoplexy received on Sunday. Mr. Irwin, in addition to the dock interests, was manager of the American Transportation Co., which operated the the steamers Harper and Nimick, and for whom the new steamer Tyrone is just being completed. He was president of the Euclid Beach Park Cos, a Cleveland summer resort corporation, and was mayor of Painesville. His funeral services were held Wednesday at the family residence, with civic and mili- tary honors. His remains were taken Thursday to Freeport, Pa., for burial. Mr. Irwin, before his assumption of the management at Fairport, was prominently connected with the Balti- more & Ohio Railroad Co, He was known to almost everybody interested in the lake trade, and was liked and admired by all. His place at Fairport, where he had everything at his fingers’ ends, will be hard to fill. $$$ 0 irr THE BANNER CARGO. The steamship Victory, the largest vessel on the Great Lakes, left Two Harbors at 4 o’clock Saturday morn- ing, with 3,689 gross, or 4,132 net tons of iron ore, on a, mean draft of 14 feet 3 inches. She arrived in Cleye- land before 6 o’clock, and was unloaded at the Nypano dock in 12 hours, after which she left for Ashtabula to take on a load of coal.’ This is by far the largest cargo ever brought ole the Sault canal. ponent parts of which had been riveted together, have — ' dock to repairing stern-beariugs for the Joe Milton (Br __ SHIF BUILDING ‘AND REPAIRS. ANOTHER STEEL SCHOONER. The Chicago Ship Building Co. announced last Friday , that it had received an order from a Cleveland syndicate ~ for a steel schooner similar in size and design to those which had just been ordered by the Minnesota Steam “ ship Co.—365 feet long over all, with 352 feet keel, 44 feet breadth, and 26 feet depth of hold. It was at first reported that she was for Mr. Harvey H. Brown, a that she was to tow behind the steamer Castalia, which caused some wonderment in Cleveland vessel circles for several reasons. Capt. K. M. Peck, of Detroit, however. came down to Cleveland Tuesday, andit then leaked out that the schooner was really ordered ‘by the Northwest Transportation Co., of which Capt. Peck is president, and in which Mr. Brown is also largely interested. The lew boat is to be delivered by May 1, 1896, and will tow behind the steamer S. R. Kirby. She will be finished with all modern equipment, with abundance of steam generating capacity. : - Sof ee ZENITH CITY LAUNCHED. The steamship Zenith City was launched Wednesday afternoon at the Chicago Ship Building Co.’s yard, in the presence of a large crowd of spectators. She struck | a dock across the slip with her port bow, produc- ing a-slight dent which can easily’ be repaired. A large ‘number of people, from Duluth were present, headed by Capt. A. B. Wolvin, managing owner of the > new boat. WORK AT THE SHIPYARDS. ~ ‘The past has been “a rather quiet week at the ship- yards, which are still badly delayed by the non-arrival of material. At the Cleveland Ship Building Co.’s yard the steamer Yale ishaving her machinery fittedin, and — her houses finished. It is the intention to have her in ~ commission, if possible, by September 1, but there is a 4 big fortnight’s work on her yet. The Wilson line 4 steamer is assuming shape rapidly. Two-thirds of her ~ keel has been laid, and nearly half her floors, the com- ya | been putin. This preliminary riveting work has en- abled the men to make a big showing during the past week. ; Almost the only outside work in the Globe yard is the rigging of the schooner Tyrone, which will be the hand- somest steel schooner on the lakes. Preliminary work on the revenue steamer John G. Carlisle is about fin- ished, and'the placing of the orders for material will soon bedone. Steel for the largest ship on the lakes, which this company is to build, is very slow coming in. The new work at’other shipyards on the lakes isin imuch the same Shape as reported last week. At Wheeler’s shipyard, West Bay City, the steamer Penobscot will be delivered to her owners Saturday. COLLINGWOOD YARDS. Cutler & Savidge’s tug Ann Long (Br.) will be rebuilt next winter, Capt. John Simpson doing the work. The barge Lillie Smith (Br.) is getting .some bottom - repairs this week. The Collingwood Dry-dock & Shipbuilding Co. are ~ on the lookout for contracts for the ensuing winter. Already they have been awarded an extensive one by the GN. Transit Co. This company intend to have their steamer Pacific thoroughly overhauled and im- ‘ proved. The steamer will enter the dock immediately 3 after the last trip. It is expected that the changes will give employment toa large number of men for some months. The company have also a number of other contracts in sight, particulars of which will be given out at a later day. Efforts are being made to raise the steamer Butcher Boy, which struck a rock and sank near the Indian village on Christian Island a few years ago. H. N. Truesdell purchased the wreck recently, and if. raised she will probably be rebuilt in Collingwood. f REPAIR WORK. The work at the Ship Owners’ dry-dock this vocal has been confined to stopping leaks on the schooners Tas- mania and Three Brothers, and at the Cleveland d and the Ashtabula tugs Wiiliam D. and Kunkle Bro

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