Maritime History of the Great Lakes

Marine Record (Cleveland, OH), August 22, 1895, p. 5

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w gan Monday. The damaged machines were raised to an upright. position, and false work is being built around them. The broken and bent beams, braces and chords will be repaired and replaced. ‘The wooden towers will be taken down and replaced with iron ones. It will re- quire a month to do the work. The big steel steamer Victory made her initial ap- pearance here last Thursday and loaded 4,000 tons of coal for Duluth on a draft of 14 feet 2 inches. Some courplaints are coming in that vessels arriving at this port are encountering some obstructions in the outer harbor, —_ ED 0-0 NOTICE TO MARINERS. BUOY ON MONUMENT SHOAL. Notice is hereby given that a spar buoy, 25 feet long, painted black has been placed on Monument Shoal off Monument Point, Kast coast of Green Bay, Wisconsin. Depth of water at buoy, 18 feet. Marks the most west- erly point of shoal. By order of the Light-house Board, COMMANDER J. H. Davton, U. S. N. Inspector Ninth Light-House District, DEATH’S DOOR PASSAGE—ENTRANCE TO GREEN BAY. There is but 6 feet of water on the Nine Foot shoal. The black buoy on the Nine Foot shoal is 1400 feet, NNE. § FB (N 31° 45’ E.), from the position shown on Lake Sur- vey Chart No. 35. There is but 15 feet of water on the 18 foot spot, shown to the northward of the Nine Foot shoal; it is 2,200 feet northward of the black buoy mentioned above. ‘There are two wrecks on Middle shoal, the one to the northward of the red spar buoy having but 8 feet of water over it, the one to the SW. of the same buoy hav- ing 15 feet of water over it. A least depth of 8 feet was found on Middle Shoal. The black spar buoy marking the reef making off from the northern end of Plum Island, is 800 feet NE. from the position given on the chart, which would seem to in- dicate that the reef is making in that direction. With strong southerly winds, vessels standing to the westward are advised to pass to the northward of Pilot island and, in all cases, to the southward of Plum island. - With any but strong southerly winds the passage to the southward of Pilot island is recomended. BULLETIN OF RECENT CHANGES. The following bulletin, issued by order of the Light- House Board, affects the List of Beacons and Buoys, Northern Lakes and Rivers, 1894 (Ninth, Tenth, and Eleventh districts): PRESQUILE Bay, PENNSYLVANIA, ~Page 28.—Inner Lighted Buoy (North), No. 8.—On July 5 a gas-lighted buoy, painted red and showing a fixed white light, was substituted at the same moorings for the second-class nun buoy, in 16 feet of water, formerly onthe N. bank at the inner edge of the dredged channel into the harbor. LAKE Huron, MICHIGAN, Page 55.—Martin’s Reef Buoy.—This buoy, a first-class can, black, carried away by a raft, was replaced in position on July 7 off the southeasterly end of the teef. LAKE SUPERIOR, MICHIGAN, Page 70.—Big Bay Point Buoy.—This buoy, a 30-foot spar, black, was established July 25. Big Bay Point, S. } E.; point of land W. of Big Bay, W. by N. Point Abbaye Shoal (SE.) Buoy.—This buoy, a third- class can, black, was established July 25 in 20 feet of water. Huron Island Light-house, K. 141 N.; Point Abbaye W. ZN. i Point Abbaye \Shoal (N.) Buoy.—This buoy, a third- class can, Black, was established July 25 in 20 feet of water. Huron Island Light-House, E. $ S.; Point Abbaye, WSW. i , NOTES FOR NAVIGATORS. Since the dredge worked in the harbor at St. Joseph, Mich., the channel has filled up an the north side so that there isr space only about 100 feet wide for the boats to pass through. Vessels should keep well to the south side of the river. The lighthouse steamer Dahlia hes placed a black spar buoy on the west side of the reef off Monument Point, near Sturgeon Bay, in 18 feet of water, This has always been a dangerous reef. The limit of water at the Welland Canal is 13% feet, and all vessels drawing more will have to lighten until the water rises. A red spar buoy has been placed about 350 feet S. by W. of the Ten-Foot Shoal buoy, near En- ’ campment Crib, St. Mary’s River, to mark a rocky shoal, with 13 feet of water over it. Capt. J. D. Peterson, of the J. C. Lockwood, and Capt. F. A Bailey, of the Elphicke, report striking on an ob- struction near the Point au Pelee dummy, with a draft of only 10 feet. ‘They think it is a wreck, os there should be deep water all around there. Capt. Peterson locates THE MARINE RECORD. it SE. by S.%4S., 5% miles from the ‘lighthouse, and Capt Bailey, 4% miles: The government inspectors who are dredging the 20 foot channel at the lower end of Wake Huron, report a shoal about 300 yards to the east and 200 yards to the south of Corsica Shoals lightship, with only 15 feet) of waterover it. The inspectors advise masters of deep draft boats to keep on Lynn’s ranges and check down» and there is no danger of their striking. With the exception of two spots in the stretch from Ballard’s reet to the Lime-Kiln cut, for 300 feet west of the Grosse Ile ranges, there is a channel of’ 17 feet. It must be noted. however, that this channel is west of the range where dredging has been going on. ‘The two shoal points are now ‘marked by buoys.’ On the port hand going up is a black buoy marking’ a bowlder that has only 16 feet over it at normal’stage of water, and on the starboard hand, about 1,200 to 1,500 feet below Bal- lard’s reef light, isa red stake marking a dangerous cluster of rocks, which cannot be removed as yet. This cluster has but 16 feet of water over it at the normal stage. The U.S. S. Michigan reports a shoal about 1 miles long and about 34 miles wide, with an average depth of 5to6 fathoms of water over it, and one spot, a rock, with only 20 feet of water over it. The spot lies 734 miles, W. 5 S. (S. 82° 23’ W.) from Beaver Island light. The dome of the Masonic Temple, Chicago, is now brilliantly illuminated with incandescent lights from 7 p. m. until midnight, daily, Sundays and holidays in- cluded, regardless of the weather., The lights- are placed in a horizontal line around the dome, and 318 feet fabove the level of the lake. They alternate in groups of. three red and five white. A black second-class can buoy has been established off South Point, Milwaukee, in 20 feet of water, on the following bearings; Milwaukee pierhead light, N. W. ¥% N. (N. 43° 43’ W.), Milwaukee light-house, N. by W. 4% W. (N. 14° 18’ W.); Dome of St. Francis College, W. 3% S. (S81° 33'W.) ‘The water between this buoy and South Point is foul, containing rocks with but 12 feet over them. There are two small shoals, with 17 and 18 feet of water over them, lying respectively S. by K. 4 E. (S. 14° 03’ K.), distant 34 miles; and S. by FE. % E. (S. 21° 05' E.), distant 1 mile from the buoy. The fixed white light on the Kate Kelly wreck, which lies in 54 feet of water off Racine Point, is on the follow- ing bearings: Racine (Root River) light SW. \ S. (S, 42° 11’ W.), distant 4 miles. Wind point (Racine point) light W. 4% N. (N. 81° 34’ W.), distant 15% miles. This wreck is a dangerous obstruction ‘to vessels, as one of the masts projects about 20 feet out of water. An examination was made by the Hydrographic Office of Spectacle Reef on July 15, and it was found that the shoal water (less than 18 feet) extends about 1,000 feet eastward and about 2,500 feet southward from the light-house. The obstruction near’ Port Colborne on which the Omaha struck has been removed, leaving a depth at that spot of 16 feet. Near by, however, there is one rocky spot with but 15% feet over it, and a sandy spot with but 14 feet 9 inches; 16 feet may be carried to within 100 feet of the south end of the east unbroken pier, but inside scant 15 feet will be found. There is a sand pit making out southwesterly from the south end of this pier (continuous part), and 100 feet distant there is but 13 feet at the edge of the track. The ‘deepest water track is very narrow, and a vessel only her own width out of it will find,,in all probability, a foot less water. In giving these figures it is assumed that there is 14 feet on the dock sill, with a liability of a change of one foot either way. yee rr 8 a 6 cr TESTING THE NORTH WEST’S BOILERS. Chief Engineer Perry and Passed Assistant Engineer Norton, of the U. S. Navy, are making a round trip on tke steamer North West to learn from personal observa- tion a few facts regarding the qualities of the Belle- ville type of tubulous boiler, with reference to its pos- sible use in battle ships now about to be built. The tests are not ‘‘tests’’ at all, but merely observations of the practical workings of the boilers, and the report, which is private, will be submitted to Chief-of-Engineers Melville. re Work has been started at Roach’s shipyard, Chester, on two steel steam-yachts, each to be 150 feet long. & See ce Se SS cn SSS a en, NO REASON FOR DISPUTE. To the Editor of The Marine Record: Will you please answer a disputed question through THE MARINE RECORD? Can a steamboat make as good time with a strong head wind as with the wind after her? I claim he cannot. SN No With an equal amount of power exerted a steamer certainly cannot make the same time against that she can before the wind, the resistance being proportion- ately increased, in one instance, while the force of the wind is applied in the same direction as the propelling power of the boat, in the other instance and assists, unless the boat’s speed is faster than that of the wind. The effect is much the same as the current of the water. Your disputant ‘has evidently been deceived by a steamer using less power in going before the wind than in returning against it, the increased steam enabling her to make the same time in both directions. The effect of the wind is so marked that owtiers have for years been opposed to the erection of “many houses on deck, aud the slight resistance of wind has always been one of the greatest points in favor of the whale- back and monitor models. Not only the force of op- posing winds, but that of the air cuts a’material figure. This is so thorougly appreciated that two passenger steamships which have been accused of racing on Lake Michigan, have, before starting out, taken the precau- tion to remove the canvas from the rail of the bridge, and to take such other measures, apparently trivial to the landlubber, to avoid resistance to the greatest pos- sible extent. _-- ren + ae FLOTSAM AND JETSAM. The Canadian coast survey boat Bayfield is: still at work near Port Dover. Manitowoc is receiving large quantities of coal to fue the Goodrich passenger steamers. The tug Agnes C. was sold at Green Bay under mort- gage foreclosure and bid in by Henry Hahar for $1,100. The old government lighthouse at Bete de Gris, en- trance to Lac la Belle harbor, Lake Superior, which has been unused for some time, has fallen down. The schooner Mystic Star was towed into Ludington a few days ago after being 18 days out from Cleveland. It is said that the crew were without provisions for three days. ped Vessel men have been urging upon Gen. Supt. S. I. Kimball, of the life-saving service, the importance of establishing a station near Fort Gratiot, at the foot of Lake Huron. Thirty men of the day force of Scott & Co.’s ore docks at Erie, Pa., were discharged for refusing to work an extra hour last Wednesday night without being paid 18 cents over the regular tonnage rate. ; Marine men, or at least some of them, seem to be of the opinion that the government officials are making a mistake in locating the new life-saving station on Plum Island. It should either go to Pilot Island or to the mainland.—Sturgeon Bay Advocate. The three-masted schooner Nellie Lamper has recently changed hands, the consideration being $5,750. She was owned by the Lamper estate, was built at Mystic, Conn. in 1875, and is enrolled as hailing from Chicago, although she has always been engaged in the Atlantic coasting trade. Lieut. W. W. Harts, of Newport, R. I., Engineer Corps, U. S. A,, advertises in another column for sealed proposals for the purchase from the United States of a tug, dredge, water-boat, three dump scows and a sand- pump, complete with boiler. Bids will be opened Sep- tember 19. Six students of the Webb academy for shipbuilders at Fordham Heights, who recently built a yacht after a Herreshoff model, have started in her for a lake cruise, being bound for Detroit. The boat was launched in Harlem River about ten daysago. She is fully rigged and amply provisioned. They are coming via the Erie canal. THE navy propose to experiment with a device for dis- tributing oil at sea, invented by a seaman, Thomas W. Wilson. The device consists of a metal oil-tank, in- ‘closed in a wooden box, provided with a door in the side to show the gauge, which indicates the quantity of oil in the tank. A rubber tube passes from the bottom of the oil-tank through the top to the surface of the sea. This tube is fitted with a bulb for siphoning the tank, with a stopcock for regulating the flow.

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