Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Beaver (Sloop), 1762
Full Text

      By Brig-General E.A. Cruckshank.
      The articles of capitulation signed at Montreal provided for the surrender of all the military and trading posts still occupied by the French to the westward of Niagara. The dlfficulty of maintaining garrisons in these distant posts at once became evident. Since the loss of the GRIFFON the French had contented themselves with the navigation of
the upper lakes in canoes and large flat-bottomed bateaux, capable only of transporting a few tons of cargo. This method of transport was slow, dangerous, and required the employment of many skilled boatmen. Writing from Fort Pitt to General Monckton on 30th June, 1761, Colonel Henry Bouquet, who had lately taken possession of Presqu'Isle on Lake Erie, said that "a Vessel upon Lake Erie would be of great service to support the advanced Posts." iAs a result of this recommendation and others, before the end of that year, a party of workmen with necessary tools and materials came from New York and established a small shipyard on what became known as Navy Island in the Niagara river above the Falls, Sir William Johnson gave some personal supervision to the work which was carried on under the direction of John Dease, his nephew. A considerable quantity of sawn timber and plank, prepared by the French was opportunely discovered in Chippawa creek, and a sloop or a schooner, named the HURON, was launched and rigged, and sailed for Detroit in October. During the next two years, the sloops BEAVER and CHARLOTTE, and the schooners BOSTON, GLADWIN, and VICTORY were built and equipped at Navy Island. All the stores for these ships and supplies for the western posts were laboriously brought over the portage on the east side of the river to the storehouse at the upper landing, which had received the name of Fort Schlosser, in honour of a Swiss officer of the Royal Americans, of that name, who was temporarily in command.
      The HURON, commanded by Captain Thomas Robison, and the BEAVER were usefully employed in the exploration of Lake Erie and the river channels, and the transportation of provisions and troops but the BEAVER was wrecked on the 28th August, 1763, and the HURON was lost later in the same year. The hostilities begun by the western confederacy of Indians, usually called "the conspiracy of Pontiac," were at first amazingly successful. All the smaller military stations were either taken or abandoned by their garrisons, and Detroit and Fort Pitt were closely besieged.
      The remaining ships on Lake Erie were employed in carrying supplies and a small reinforcement to the beleaguered garrison at Detroit, which had, been reduced to the greatest straits. Without that seasonable aid, it would seem that successful resistance would scarcely have been possible.
      from page 1.

In 1797, Lorenzo Carter arrived at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. He built a cabin north of the present St. Claie Avenue, not far from the river, and hence became one of the founders of the City of Cleveland.
In 1803 he built a second cabin on Union, near Lower Superior. Cleveland at this time was a remote settlement and entirely dependent upon Buffalo for such commodities as salt, iron, leather, and dry goods. !n 1807, Mr. Carter began construction on a thirty ton schooner, the ZEPHYR, to supply this need. He procured the irons for the rudder of his vessel from the remains of the British schooner BEAVER which was stranded at the mouth of the river in the fall of 1786. The ZEPHYR was launched the following year [1808] under the command of captain Stove. She was of a rude flat-bottom design, and was built on a hill overlooking the river. Thus she had to be dragged to her intended element.
      From " Adz, Caulk, and Rivets"
      a History of Shipbuilding Along Ohio's Northern Shore.
      By Richard J. Wright

Item Type
built, Navy Island
Date of Original
Local identifier
Language of Item
William R. McNeil
Copyright Statement
Copyright status unknown. Responsibility for determining the copyright status and any use rests exclusively with the user.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Powered by / Alimenté par VITA Toolkit

My favourites lets you save items you like, tag them and group them into collections for your own personal use. Viewing "My favourites" will open in a new tab. Login here or start a My favourites account.


Beaver (Sloop), 1762