Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Frontenac (Steamboat), 22 Nov 1843
Full Text

Steamboats on Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence - We are indebted to the Hon. John Hamilton of Kingston, Canada, the extensive steamboat proprietor, for the following interesting statement of steamboats which have been or are now in service on Lake Ontario, and River St. Lawrence, between Hamilton, at the head of navigation on Lake Ontario, and Coteau du Lac, on the River St. Lawrence, in Canada East:

When Built Names Tons Where Built

1816 ONTARIO* 400 Sackets Harbor
1818 SOPHIA* 75 do
1823 MARTHA OGDEN* 150 do
1830 BROWNVILLE* 150 Brownville
1831 CHARLES CARROL* 150 Sackets Harbor
1831 PAUL PRY* 50 Ogdensburg
1832 UNITED STATES@ 450 do
1833 BLACK HAWK# 200 French Creek
1834 OSWEGO 400 Oswego
      JOHN MARSHAL 60 Lake Erie
1836 ONEIDA 300 Oswego
1837 TELEGRAPH 200 Dexter
1839 ST. LAWRENCE 450 Oswego
1839 EXPRESS 150 Pultneyville
1841 GEO. CLINTON 100 Oswego
1842 LADY OF THE LAKE 425 do
1843 ROCHESTER 400 do
      Total Tons. 4,120
*Broken up.
#Now named DOLPHIN, owned in Canada and in ordinary.
@ Laid up.

The regular steam packets through the lake are the LADY OF THE LAKE, ROCHESTER AND ST. LAWRENCE. The ONEIDA AND TELEGRAPH, we believe, run from Oswego to Ogdensburg. - The Express between Kingston and Oswego.

      Ericson Propellers, running between Oswego and Chicago

When Built Names Tons Where Built

1841 VANDALIA 150 Oswego
1842 CHICAGO 150 do
1842 OSWEGO 150 do
1843 NEW YORK 150 do

      Boats owned on the Canadian Side.

When Built Names Tons Where Built

1816 FRONTENAC* 700 Kingston
1817 CHARLOTTE* 150 do
1819 DALHOUSIE* 50 Prescott
1824 QUEENSTON* 250 Queenston
1825 CANADA* 250 Toronto
1828 NIAGARA* 400 Brockville
1828 ALCIOPE* 450 Niagara
1829 SIR J. KEMPT* 200 Kingston
1830 GREAT BRITAIN* 700 Prescott
1831 IROQUOIS* 100 do
1832 JOHN BY* 450 Gananoque
1832 TRANSIT* 350 Oakville
1833 BRITANNIA@ 200 Kingston
1833 COBOURG@ 500 Cobourg
1833 BROCKVILLE 350 Brockville
1833 KINGSTON 200 Kingston
1834 COMMODORE BARRIE 275 do Lost 1842
1834 UNION 300 Oakville
1835 ST. GEORGE 400 Kingston
1837 SIR ROBERT PEEL 350 Brockville Destroyed by patriots in 1838
1837 GORE 200 Niagara
1838 QUEEN VICTORIA 200 do
1839 HENRY GILDERSLEEVE 250 Kingston
1840 HIGHLANDER 300 Cot. du Lac
1840 ALBION 200 Brockville
1840 AMERICA 300 Niagara
1840 CITY OF TORONTO 500 do
1840 SOVEREIGN 475 do
1841 PRINCESS ROYAL 500 do
1841 CANADA 450 Prescott
1841 FRONTENAC 200 Kingston
1841 SIR CHARLES 200 do
1842 PRINCE OF WALES 200 do
1842 ADMIRAL 400 Niagara
1843 ECLIPSE 400
      Total Tons, 12,600

*Broken up
@ Laid up

      British Government Vessels

When Built Names Tons Where Built

1835 TRAVELLER 350 Niagara
1838 EXPERIMENT 150 do
1842 MOHAWK 150 Kingston (Iron vessel)
1842 CHEROKEE 700 do do

The FRONTENAC was the first boat on the Canada side. She was very large, of the burthen of 700 tons, and with an engine of only 50 horsepower. It was made in England, an excellent machine, but far too small for a boat the size of the FRONTENAC. She did tolerably well in smooth water, but could not make way against a strong headwind.
We were, on one occasion, more than a week making the trip from Kingston to Toronto. The Royal Mail steamers between Toronto and Kingston are the CITY OF TORONTO, PRINCESS ROYAL and SOVEREIGN; from Kingston to Coteau du Lac, the HIGHLANDER, CANADA and HENRY GILDERSLEEVE. The TRANSIT runs from Lewiston to Hamilton, the CHIEF JUSTICE ROBINSON and QUEEN VICTORIA from Lewiston to Toronto.
The UNION is a freight boat, and touches most of the ports on both sides; the GORE from Cobourg to Rochester; the AMERICAN and ADMIRAL from Rochester to Hamilton, touching at Toronto; the ECLIPSE from Toronto to Hamilton; the other boats from Kingston to the Bay of Quinte. A number of Ericson propellers run between Kingston and Montreal.
      Kingston Chronicle
      November 22, 1843
(The Kingston Chronicle copied the above from the New York Commercial Advertiser)

Item Type
early steamers 1843
Date of Original
Local identifier
Language of Item
William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Frontenac (Steamboat), 22 Nov 1843